Our grateful nation India had honored five towering personalities of our country (out of five, two in the field of Public Affairs whereas one in Science & Engineering and another in the field of Arts) besides one who was a leading personality of Bhutan in Public Affairs in 1954.Do we remember who was that great personality from Bhutan? He was none else than Jigme Dorji Wangchuk who was awarded in the field of Public Affairs in 1954 by Govt. of India. .Let us have glimpse of his life history in brief!
..(Photo of Jigme Dorji Wangchuk )
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Bishwa Nath Singh :
Jigme Singye Wangchuck was born on November 11, 1955 at Dechenchholing Palace in
Thimphu in Bhutan. He was the fourth Dragon King (Druk Gyalpo) of Bhutan from 1972 to 2006. He acceded to the throne at the age of 17, in 1972, after the sudd...en death of his father, Jigme Dorji Wangchuck. When he was formally crowned on June 2, 1974 he was the youngest monarch in the world and the coronation was noted for inviting foreign dignitaries, thus signalling the end of the long isolation of the country. He is also called "Druk Gyalpo," meaning "Dragon King". He was educated in Bhutan and the United Kingdom..The fourth king continued his father's policies of slow modernization and socio-economic development for the country while still trying to preserve Bhutanese culture. In 1988 he instituted the policy of Driglam Namzha (Etiquette and Manners) which required all citizens to wear traditional clothing while in public, and established the requirement of teaching Dzongkha (the national language) in schools. In 1998, he voluntarily reduced the scope of his absolute powers, and began to formally rule with the advice of his government. He is the man behind Bhutan's constitution and the country's first democratic elections in 2008.In late 2003, he ordered Bhutan's first military campaign in well over a century, to oust Assamese separatists who were using Bhutanese territory to launch raids against targets in India . Singye also coined the term Gross National Happiness, a concept which is used to help guide the economic and development plans of Bhutan.On December 17, 2005 he announced his intention to abdicate in 2008, leaving the throne to his son In a royal edict issued on December 14, 2006, the king announced that he would begin handing over power to his eldest son Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck immediately. He had ordered a parliamentary election to be held in 2008.Singye was named as one of Time magazine's one hundred People who Shape Our World in 2006. He appeared in the May 8, 2006 issue of Time. His reign is marked by phenomenal development. Roads and bridges, schools and hospitals, basic services in agriculture and livestock now reach deep into the remote corners of the country.Bhutan has also made tremendous progress in the filed of communications, hydro-electric power development, financial sector, environmental protection, and industrial and infrastructural development during the king's reign.Jigme Singye Wangchuck is married to four queens (all of whom are sisters) who areDorji Wangmo Wangchuck,TsheringPemWangc