Bishwa Nath Singh
Can we recollect as who was the member of Congress Party since his student days in 1899. In 1906, he represented Allahabad in the AICC.end who was associated with the Congress Party committee that studied the Jallianwala Bagh incident in 1919? He was also a part of the Servants of the People Society. In the 1920s and 1930s he was .arrested for participating in the Non-Cooperation movement and Salt Satyagraha respectively. He and Nehru were among the people arrested even before Mahatma Gandhi returned from the Round Table Conference at London in 1931. He was known for his efforts in farmers' movements and he served as the President, Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha in 1934. He worked as the Speaker of the Legislative Assembly of the present-day Uttar Pradesh for a period of 13 years, from July 31, 1937 to August 10, 1950. He was elected to the Constituent Assembly of India in 1946. He was elected to the Lok Sabha in 1952 and the Rajya Sabha in 1956. He retired from active public life due to indifferent health. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award in 1961.
(Photo of Bharat Ratna Dr.Purushottam Das Tandon )
Share.: You like this..
Bishwa Nath Singh :
Dr.Purushottam Das Tandon was born on August 1, 1882 at Allahabad in Khatri family who was a very well-reputed freedom fighter from Uttar Pradesh in India. He is widely remembered for his efforts in achieving Hindi as our national langu...age.. He graduated from the Muir Central College, Allahabad in 1904, subsequently qualifying for a degree in Law and a Master's Degree in History. He entered the legal profession in 1906 and joined the Bar of the Allahabad High Court in 1908 as the junior of Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru. For some time, he worked as the Law Minister of the Nabha State but resigned in 1917. He also gave up his practice in 1921 on account of his involvement in public affairs. He joined the Indian National Congress in 1899 while a student and represented Allahabad at the All India Congress Committee in 1906. He had been imprisoned in 1921 for active participation in the Non-cooperation Movement. Earlier, in 1918 he had organized the Allahabad District Peasants' Committee to improve the working conditions of the agriculturists. He also gave the lead in stating 'No Tax' campaign in 1930 which was appreciated by Jawaharlal Nehru. During his active participation in the freedom struggle, he was arrested several times. His contribution was especially notable in the field of organizing Kisan Sabhas to secure the cooperation of the peasantry to the cause of India's independence. As a staunch believer in ahimsa, he started using rubber chappals to avoid usage of leather.He worked for long years as the speaker of the Legislative assembly of U.P. He was also elected to the Constituent Assembly in 1946, to the Lok Sabha in 1952 and to the Rajya Sabha in 1956. was at the time a Member of Parliament. Once, when he went to collect his salary cheque in the Parliament Office, he asked the clerk there to transfer the amount directly to a “Public Service Fund”. The officials over there were pleasantly surprised by his generosity. One of his colleagues standing nearby said: “There are hardly four hundred rupees as your allowance for the whole month. And you are donating the entire amount for social service?” Tandon ji humbly replied – “You see, I have seven sons and all are earning sufficiently to raise their families; each one sends me one hundred rupees per month. I spend only about rupees three to four hundred from that and the rest goes to some philanthropic causes. This allowance as a Member-of-Parliament is again extra for some one like me. Why should I save it for myself or my family? It was because of this natural austerity and detachment from selfish possessions that he was called a “Rajarshi”.He retired from active public life after 1956 due to indifferent health though he continued to do constructive work for many years. He was intimately associated with many institutions like the Servants of the People Society, the Hindi Sahitya Sammelan and the Rashtrabhasha Prachar Samiti. He devoted major part of his energies to the propagation of Hindi and for the development of literature. His contribution to the cause of Hindi is really momentous. He regarded the knowledge of the ancient cultural heritage of the country as essential to the education of students. He favoured the view of imparting education through the mother-tongue of the students. His life was a saga of courage and sacrifice for the national cause and of resolute attachment to his beliefs even under the most adverse circumstances. He was fondly called 'Rajarshi' by Mahatma Gandhi. In 1961, the title of 'Bharat Ratna' was conferred upon him. He passed away on July 1, 1962.On his demise, over millions of people mourned his passing away.The Indian Posts & Telegraphs Department is privileged to issue a commemorative stamp on him. Let us join to pay our humble obeisance to his lotus feet and seek his bliss for well-being of all living-being of this universe!