Bishwa Nath Singh
Often we talk about the Planning Commission that we have in our country.After our country, India got independence on the 15th f August 1947,, a formal model of planning was adopted, and the planning commission, reporting directly to the Prime Minister of India was established. Accordingly, the Planning Commission of India was set up on the 15 March 1950, with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru as the chairman. Planning Commission is a non statutory and well extra constitutional body, .Let us have a glmose on it and look at its constitution and function!
(Photo of Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru,the first Prime Minister of India)
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Bishwa Nath Singh:
The Planning Commission in India was set up on March 15, 1950 to promote a rapid rise in the standard of living of the people by utilizing the resources of the country, increasing production and offering employment opportunities to all. The... Planning Commission has the responsibility for formulating plans as to how the resources can be used in the most effective way. The Planning Commission has to make periodic assessment of all resources in the country, boost up insufficient resources and formulate plans for the most efficient and judicious utilization of resources. The Planning Commission is a non statutory as well extra constitutional body. The first Five-year Plan was launched in 1951 and two subsequent five-year plans were formulated till 1965, when there was a break because of the Indo-Pakistan Conflict. Two successive years of drought, devaluation of the currency, a general rise in prices and erosion of resources disrupted the planning process and after three Annual Plans between 1966 and 1969, the fourth Five-year plan was started in 1969.The Eighth Plan could not take off in 1990 due to the fast changing political situation at the Centre and the years 1990-91 and 1991-92 were treated as Annual Plans. The Eighth Plan was finally launched in 1992 after the initiation of structural adjustment policies. For the first eight Plans the emphasis was on a growing public sector with massive investments in basic and heavy industries, but since the launch of the Ninth Plan in 1997, the emphasis on the public sector has become less pronounced and the current thinking on planning in the country, in general, is that it should increasingly be of an indicative nature.Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was the first chairman of the Planning Commission. The Prime minister is the chairman of the Planning Commission. The Deputy Chairman and the full time members give advice and guidance for the formulation of Five Year Plan, Annual Plans, State Plans, Projects and Schemes.Besides the Chairman & Deputy Chairman,Minister of Planning of Union Govt. happens to be the ex-officio Member of the commission besides there are eight full fledged members, and a Senior Officer of Indian Administrative Service happens to be its secretary. The following are the functions of the Planning Commission of India:(1)To make an assessment of the resources of the country and to see which resources are deficient?(2)To formulate plans for the most effective and balanced utilization of country's resources. (3)To indicate the factors which are hampering economic development?(4)To determine the machinery, that would be necessary for the successful implementation of each stage of plan.(5)Periodical assessment of the progress of the plan.(6)With the changing times, the Planning commission is preparing itself for long term vision for the future. The commission is seeing to maximize the output with minimum resources.(7)From being a centralized planning system, the Indian economy is slowly progressing towards indicative planning wherein the Planning Commission has set the goal of constructing a long term strategic vision for the future.(8)It sets Sectoral targets and provides the catalyst to the economy to grow in the right direction. and(9)The Planning Commission plays an integrative role in the development of a holistic formulation of policies in critical areas of human and economic development.
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