Bishwa Nath Singh
As per Vedic literatures, God has many names and many different incarnations and expansions. Lord Krishna is the original of all other expansions. In Sanskrit, the word Krishna means all-attractive. Krishna is the most beautiful, powerful, famous, wealthy, wise and renounced. Since He possesses all these opulence at the same time and ...in full, He is defined as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Lord Krishna personally appeared on this planet some five thousand years ago in Mathura, India. The city of Mathura is located in the western part of the state of Uttar Pradesh, in the northern region of India. It is situated on the bank of the river Yamuna. Mathura is One hundred fifty kms. south of Delhi and fifty kms. northwest of Agra. Mathura is also known as Brij Bhoomi - The land where Shri Krishna was born and spent his youth. It is an important pilgrim place of the Hindus and one of the seven sacred cities in India. The main pilgrim center in Mathura is the Shri Krishna Janmabhoomi temple. Krishna is the Supreme Person. Lord Krishna appeared over five thousand years ago in Mathura, India to Devaki and Vasudeva in the jail cell of the tyrant Kansa.Let us have glimpse of his life in brief and imbibe his teachings in our life to get salvation after our passing away!
( Picture of Lord Kishna and Radha Rani)
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Bishwa Nath Singh:
The place of His birth is known as Sri Krishna Janmasthana.The reasons behind appearance of God ‘s advent were many, but they were primarily to kill the demon Kamsa and give protection and salvation to His devotees. Lord Krishna was an abso...lute incarnation (Samparipurn Avatar). An absolute incarnation is not actually an incarnation but The Lord Himself; hence it possesses all the characteristics of The Lord. Some special features and missions of Lord Krishna are enumerated below.Devaki and Vasudev were the parents of Krishna. On the command of Lord Vishnu, the Great Illusion (Yogamaya) placed the seventh child of Devaki in the womb of Vasudev’s second wife, Rohini and Herself entered the womb of Devaki. After birth when Kansa came to kill Her, She escaped from his clutches and left for Her abode. Krishna is Devaki’s eighth child. After He was born, Vasudev took Him to the home of Nanda and Yashoda in Gokul. Vasudev also sent Rohini along with her son to Gokul. The priest of the Yadu dynasty, Sage Garga at the request of Vasudev, secretly performed the naming ceremony of both the children, Rohini’s son as Rama and Devaki’s as Krishna. Later Rama came to be known as Balaram because of the tremendous strength that He possessed.Lord Krishna went to Mathura to slay Kansa at the age of seven years. It was then that His childhood ended. In Vrindavan, Lord Krishna was raised by His foster parents, Nanda Maharaj and Yashoda. He enacted many wonderful pastimes in His childhood. Krishna has many different names, such as Govinda, Gopala, Giridhari, and Damodara to name a few. These names are all based on His different pastimes and activities. The Lord grew up as a cowherd and He brought joy to all who lived in Vrindavan. In pictures, Krishna is usually seen standing with His eternal consort, Shrimati Radharani. After the slaying of Kansa and the thread ceremony, Balaram and Krishna went to the ashram of Guru Sandipani in the city of Avanti. There within a span of sixty-four days He learnt the fourteen types of sciences (vidyas) and the sixty-four arts (kalas). Generally to learn one science one requires two to two and a half years. He was close even to people who were much older than Him. At the age of just seven, Krishna did not allow the milkmaids to go to Mathura because He did not want the money that was procured by selling milk to evil Kansa. Since then, the elders began to heed His advice and He proved true to their faith.Once the cowherds (gopas) told Yashoda, “Krishna has swallowed mud.” So, she asked Krishna to open His mouth. When He opened it, she got the vision of the entire universe in it. Thisexample illustrates how an incarnation carries out its mission even in childhood. On a moonlit night in autumn (sharad rutu) He performed the rasakrida with the gopis (wives of the cowherds) in Gokul. At that time they experienced Bliss (Brahmanand). Lord Krishna’s beauty was unparalleled. All would get enticed by it. To capture Krishna, Jarasandha’s armies surrounded Mathura eighteen times. Nowhere in the world have so many attempts been made to capture an individual. Kansa ferried 280 elephants on wooden rafts across the Yamuna river. He surrounded Mathura for three months, but Krishna could not be captured because He would change His home everyday. Apart from this, the thousand children living in Mathura also wore peacock feathers in their hair to resemble Krishna. Kansa’s soldiers assaulted them, yet they did not Rukmini was Krishna’s chief queen. His seven other main queens were Satyabhama, Jambavati, Kalindi, Mitravinda, Satya, Bhadra and Kakshamana. These eight queens represent the eightfold basic natures of man (prakruti). The implied meaning is that the eight principles are within the control of Krishna. Krishna married the 16,000 princesses imprisoned by Narakasur after freeing them, so that they acquired social status. The 16,000 princesses represent the 16,000 spiritual energy flow channels (nadis) in the body. Marrying them means activating them. Lord Krishna was the embodiment of an ideal friend. For example, Krishna affectionately welcomed His poverty-stricken childhood friend Sudama even when He became the ruler of Dvarka. As a result of His friendship with the Pandavas, He constantly rushed to their aid. The Pandavas worshipped Krishna as a friend (sakhyabhakti), one of the rarest forms of devotion.Some people criticize Krishna’s behavior. However, all that He did was for others’ welfare. At times, He even broke norms, for instance, when slaying Jarasandha, during the abduction of Subhadra so that she could marry Arjuna, marrying the 16,000 women, etc. During the Bharatiya war He had pledged that ‘He would not wield a weapon’. Yet to fulfill Bhishmacharya’s vow that ‘I will make Krishna wield a weapon’, Krishna broke His vow and attacked Bhishmacharya with a weapon (a wheel).The ‘protection of society was His objective and He had realized that it was necessary to annihilate the troublemakers and evildoers to achieve this end. Destruction of evildoers is never possible by remaining steadfast unto truth and purity alone. Realizing this sad shortcoming in the history of mankind, to protect truth and purity they have to be curbed in worldly interactions. If that is not done, then in this lawless world, cruel demons triumph, society deteriorates and the subjects are destroyed. This was the firm decision of His intellect. It is because of this that many times “Often the untruth seems superior to the truth”, “One has to give up Righteousness (Dharma) and fight”, “Bhimsen will not be successful if he fights righteously, it is essential to fight unrighteously”, etc. is the advice that He often preached.’ Lord Krishna embodied humility and servitude. For example, He slew Kansa and several other kings, established the golden city of Dvarka, yet did not ascend the throne. Despite this, undoubtedly He was the uncrowned emperor of His times. In another incident, during the rajasuya sacrificial fire (yadnya) of the Pandavas, Krishna washed the feet of the Brahmans and even cleared up leftovers of food in others’ plates.The philosophy preached by Krishna is given in the Bhagavat Gita. ‘In His philosophy Krishna has shown the appropriate admixture of attachment and detachment. He has accepted the Path of Action (Karmayoga) according to the Vedas, Path of Knowledge according to the Sankhya philosophy, suppression of the tendencies of the subconscious mind according to the Path of Yoga and renunciation (sannyas) according to the Vedanta, but has opposed the view that each one of them is the ultimate by itself as proposed by them. He balanced the appropriate significant part of each one harmoniously and created a new doctrine based on actions devoid of expectations or results. In the Bhagavat Gita He has mainly preached how one should carry out one’s duty. The scriptures decide what one’s duties should be, but He has explained excellently how to execute them well. In the Bhagavat Gita He has narrated to Arjuna how to convert attachment to detachment and vice versa and how man should execute his duties.’ Lord Krishna eliminated Arjuna’s doubts by narrating the Gita to him verbally and imparting him with spiritual experiences, which are beyond words.Let us pay our humble obeisance's to the lotus feet of Lord Krishna and Radha Rani and seek their bliss for well-being of all living-being of this universe!
Eas Pethaperumaal: :
very interesting tips.
O LORD! BLESS ALL