Let us have a glimpse of the Nobel Peace Prize as who was instrumental for launching this award, its background and selection to analyze the receipients! It is one of the five Nobel Prizes that started by the Swedish industrialist and inventor Alfred Nobel. According to Nobel's will, the Peace Prize should be awarded to the person who shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses The will of Alfred Noble had declared that the prize should be awarded by a committee of five people elected by the Norwegian Parliament. Nobel died in 1896 and did not leave an explanation for choosing Peace as a prize category. The categories for Chemistry and Physics were obvious choices as he was a trained chemical engineer. The reason behind the peace prize is less clear. According to the Norwegian Nobel Committee, there's significant evidence his friendship with Bertha von Suttner, a peace activist and later winner of the prize, may have profoundly influenced his decision to include peace as a category. The Norwegian Parliament appoints the Norwegian Nobel Committee, which selects the laureate for the Peace Prize. Each year, the Norwegian Nobel Committee specifically invites qualified people to submit nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize. The statutes of the Nobel Foundation specify categories of individuals who are eligible to make nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize. They are;(a)Members of national assemblies and governments and members of the Inter-Parliamentary Union,(b)Members of the Permanent Court of Arbitration and the International Court of Justice at the Hague,(c)Members of Institut de Droit International,(d)University professors of History, Political science, Philosophy, Law and Theology, University Presidents and Directors of Peace Research and International Affairs Institutes,(e)Former recipients, including board members of organisations that have previously won the prize,(f)Present and past members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee, and (g)Former permanent advisers to the Norwegian Nobel Institute.-to resolve conflicts through mediation and arbitration. Nominations are required to be submitted to the Committee by February 1 of the year in question. Nominations by committee members can be submitted up to the date of the first Committee meeting after this deadline The omission of Gandhi has been particularly widely discussed, including in public statements by various members of the Nobel Committee.The Committee had confirmed that Gandhi was nominated in 1937, 1938, 1939, 1947 and, finally, a few days before his death in January 1948.The omission has been publicly regretted by later members of the Nobel Committee. The 2009 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to U.S. President Barack Obama for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples.
Comment of Bishwa Nath Singh as flashed on the f.b on the 4th of August 2010 on the Photo of US President Barack H.Obama while deivering his speech after receiving Noble Peace Prize in the Oslo City Hall in Norway,on the 10th of December 2009:
It's for the first time that any President of US other than Barack H. Obama received the Nobel Prize in Peace.He was awarded Nobel Prize in Peace 2009 for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and in this Picture while delivering his Noble lecture in the Oslo City Hall in Norway,on the 10th of December 2009. Let us pay our humble obeisance to him for his distinguished career as the President of US and wish him all success in future!