Bishwa Nath Singh:
Can we recollect as who was that great leader of India who had said "Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it!" that is still being remembered and cherished by over many billion of People, who is widely remembered in our country India as an Indian Nationalist, ,Social Reformer, a great teacher and freedom fighter who was the fi...rst popular leader of the Indian Independence Movement whom the British Colonial Authorities derogatorily called him as "Father of the Indian unrest". and later on had honor to be conferred with the honorary title of Lokmanya, ( means accepted by the people as their leader) and widely cherished as the first strongest advocates of "Swaraj" (self-rule) in Indian consciousness in pre-independence era.?Well, he was none else than Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Let us pay our humble obeisances to his lotus feet and pay our respectfulhomage to that great man who is still adored by most of us!
(Photo of Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak)
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Bishwa Nath Singh :
Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak, a worthy son of our motherland was born July 22, 1856 in his father’s house in balaji Lane (Madhlee Aalee) in Chikhalgaon, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra to a Chitpavan Brahmin family. His father was a famous school... teacher and a Sanskrit scholar. His father had died when he was sixteen years old. He was one of the earliest architect of the edifice of nationalist movement in India. He wasuniversally recognized as the Father of Indian Unrest. He was one of the prime architects of modern India and heralded Asian nationalism. His philosophy could not survive after his death as India came under sway of Mahatma Gandhi. He. had received formal and collage education mainly in Poona. He had done Graduation in Arts. in first class and it was during this time he was highly influenced by western Thinkers like Hegel, Kant, Spencer, Mill and Bentham. The studies made him realize the state in which his motherland existed under British Rule. He was the first intellectual leader to understand the importance of mass support and subsequently became the first mass leader of India. He had several round of discussions with Shankaracharya of Sankeshwar and asserted that like Swami Vivekananda, the modern Shankaracharya must be educated on modern lines..After graduation he spurned the Government service and devoted his time in national awakening. He joined fellow activists like Agarkar, Chiplunkar and Namjoshi to set up New English School. He joined the Indian National Congress, which acquired a new dimension because of his stature. He opposed the 'Age of Consent Bill' strongly. It was at this time he emerged as a strong-voiced politician. In 1896, Bombay was hit by a deadly Plague. He who had edited the newspapers, 'Kesari' and 'Marattha', highlighted suffeing of people and had hit back strongly at the administrative system charging them of taking inadequate measures and ignoring responsibilities. The British lawmakers didn't find it amusing and he was jailed for 18 months. In1907, he formed a radicalist faction inside the Congress and started the Home-Rule League along with an Irish lady, Ms. Annie Besant He realized that the constitutional agitation in itself was futile against the British and that, moreover, India was ill prepared for an armed revolt. It was construed that he was helpful to revolutionaries such as Savarkar, Aurobindo Ghosh and Chaphekar, he did not venture into it himself. Instead, he martialled the extremist wing of Indian National Congress. His movement was based on the principles of Swadeshi (Indigenous), Boycott and Education. It was he who, through his own example, gave prestige to imprisonment in freedom struggle. It is a tragedy that his work is not given the recognition due to it. Tilak is often misinterpreted. Perhaps it is so because of his style of operation which raised bitter controversies and still more bitter opponenents even outside the beurocracy. Violent arguements characterized his relationship with social reformists such as Agarkar, Ranade and moderates like Ferozshah Mehta. Many blame him for opposing the Age of Consent Bill which raised the age limit for marriage of girls to twelve from ten. But is fact that at the same time he had signed a counter-proposal where in one of the clauses was that the girls (boys) should not be married until they are in between sixteen to twenty yearsold. He educated all of his daughters and did not marry them till they were over 16. There are instances when he privately paid for the education of women.. Though, he was a staunch conservatist towards social reforms, he was a pioneer to foresee that mass support was needed to make his motherland free from imperialistic clutches. In order to bring the Maratha people together on the same platform, he started the celebration of Shivaji Festival. In 1908 he aimed at militant mass movement and expressed his views on Swarajya at the Calcutta session Indian National Congress. In the same year he was arrested for conspiring against the Queen when he raised his voice against the partition of Bengal. He was jailed for six years. When the 'Indian Reforms Act' was introduced in 1919, he rejected it describing it as inadequate, disappointing and unsatisfactory. He was a champion of the downtrodden people, he was given the sobriquet "Lokmanya". He also authored books such as 'Geeta Rahasya" and "Arctic Home of Vedas". He launched the Congress Democratic Party in 1920 but before he could take up the action, he suddenly died on August 1,1920 leaving behind millions of mourners. It is said that the British made an extraordinary request that his brain be handed over to them so that it could be studied, preserved and exhibited.Though, it was not complied with. but certainly, it proves beyond doubt that he was a great man of towering personality & strling character with full of passion & wisdom.Let us pay our respectful homage & floral tribute to that great man who will be remembered for long not only in our country but in abroad too!
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Suraj Pundir :
what a great man you are!
Ajay Tiwari :
Very great personality , sat sat naman.