Bishwa Nath Singh
It is a matter of great pride for the whole country that Patna, the capital of Bihar State had witnessed light of wisdom when the tenth Guru of Sikhism had descended on the worldly earth of great Patliputra three hundred forty four years ago who was a gifted intellectual besides being a great warrior. He had composed many Spiritual verses besides being a great warrior. He had given the concept of Khalsa Panth and had baptized Panch Pyara or five beloved ones who later asked them to baptize him. Let us join to pay our humble obeisance to his lotus feet and pay our respectful homage to the tenth Guru of Sikhism Guru Gobind Singh and seek his bliss to give us wisom to carry out his legacy very truthfully!
(Photo of the tenth Guru of Sikhism Guru Gobind Singh)
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Bishwa Nath Singh:
Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Nanak (Sikh Guru), was born at Patna Sahib on Friday the 22nd of December 1666, (Poh Sudi Saptmi). His birthday generally falls in December or January or sometimes twice within a year as it is calculated accord...ing to Hindu Bikrami Calendar, which is based on the lunar calendar. Guru Gobind Singh Ji was the tenth Guru of the Sikhs and like his predecessors was God in the form of a human. His father was Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji and his mother was Mata Gujri. At birth his name was Bhai Gobind Rai.As a child, Bhai Gobind Rai had always been interested in war games. In fact, he would often teach his friends how to use particular weapons. At the age of elven, Bhai Gobind Rai told his father that he should sacrifice his own life for the Hindu cause. With these words, Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji knew that his son was ready for the Guruship and had him enthroned. It was at this time that Bhai Gobind Rai became Guru Gobind Rai Ji.He had lived during an extremely dangerous time. His father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, had sacrificed his life to protect the freedom of worship by Hindus, who were being threatened with conversion or death by zealous Muslim rulers. Abduction of women and pillage of goods were rampant, but the people were too timid and terrorized to resist. In the midst of this political situation, Guru Gobind Singh gained great stature as both Saint and soldier: a leader of firm spiritual principles and intense devotion to God, and at the same time, fearless dedication to protecting all people from oppression and injustice through the practice of Kshatradharma. The most important contribution of Guru Gobind Rai Ji to Sikhism was the formal baptism ceremony. On Vaisakhi day, March 30, 1699, Guru Gobind Rai Ji started forming the Khalsa by baptizing the 'Panj Pyara', or the five beloved ones. Then Guru Ji asked them to baptize him. It was at this time that Guru Gobind Rai Ji became Guru Gobind Singh Ji. After baptizing hundreds of people, the Khalsa was ready. The Khalsa was a big step forward for the Sikhs. After being formed, the Khalsa fought many battles to defend themselves against mighty Mughal armies who were far superior in numbers and equipment. They became models for the Khalsa, the Order of the Pure, which Guru Gobind Singh created to stand on the front line against injustice. The Khalsa were held to a very strict moral and spiritual discipline and under Guru Gobind Singh's courageous inspiration, helped to turn the tide against Mughal oppression in IndiaAnother major contribution of Guru Gobind Singh Ji was compiling the Adi Granth, which included verses from the first five and the ninth Gurus. In addition to his spiritual and military leadership, Guru Gobind Singh was a gifted intellectual and had many poets in his court. He was inspired to write many powerful spiritual compositions that infused a martial spirit in the people. This included the Jaap Sahib, but He did not include them in the Sikh scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib. His writings have instead been collected in a separate volume, called the Dasam Granth. Upon His passing away, He instructed his Sikhs to regard the Guru Granth Sahib as their teacher. 'Granth' literally means 'volume' (especially, a Holy volume). 'Sahib' is a term of reverance used for anything sacred. The Guru Granth Sahib is the perpetual guru of the Sikhs today. After having fought many battles and having formed a Sikh brotherhood that would stand against anything, Guru Gobind Singh Ji knew that he had achieved his goal. With this in mind, he left for heavenly abode on Thursday, the 21 st of October 1708 leaving behind his followers to morn his passing away at the age of forty two. Let us join to pay our humble obeisance to his lotus feet and seek his bliss to carry out his legacy very truthfully in our life!
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