Bishwa Nath Singh
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was a world’s remarkable person with full of passion and wisdom that helped our country to get its independence from the British Empire on August 15,1947. He became known not only for his goals of independence for our country from British colonial rule for over centuries but also for his simplicity and his principles of truth and nonviolence
(Photo of Mahatma Gandhi while spiining cotton on Charkha).
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Bishwa Nath Singh :
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in the coastal town of Porbandar. In Bombay Presidency of British India (now in Gujarat State of India) At that time, arranged child marriages were common, and he married Kasturbai Ma...khanji, affectionately known as ‘Ba,’ at a young age of thirteen. At his middle school in Porbandar and high school in Rajkot, Gandhi remained an average student academically. He had passed the matriculation exam for Samaldas College at Bhavnagar, Gujarat with some difficulty. While there, he was unhappy, in part because his family wanted him to become a barrister. On 4 September 1888 at the age of eighteen, he traveled to England to become Barrister where he was enrolled in an English law school in London to qualify as a lawyer. Before leaving India, his mother made him promise to refrain from eating meat, engaging in promiscuity, and drinking alcohol. And that he carried out honestly.His adherence to that promise had a profound impact on his life.Dissatisfied with the vegetarian cuisine offered by his landlady, Gandhi eventually joined a group known as the Vegetarian Society; Britain’s oldest group dedicated to the ideals of vegetarianism. He was elected to the charity’s executive committee and began a chapter of his own. During his time with the Vegetarian Society, Gandhi developed an interest in the writings of Buddhism, Hinduism, and Christianity.After spending three years in law school, he graduated in Law and returned to India that eventually helped him later on for a legal posting that took him to South Africa. It was in South Africa where he came face-to-face with the notion that as an Indian he was a second-class citizen in the British Empire. Eventually, he found himself restless to sit idly by and do nothing.; He began to get involved politically with many issues facing the Indians living in South Africa.In 1915, he returned to India and became involved with the movement there for Indian independence from England. He organized protests by peasants, farmers, and urban laborers concerning excessive land-tax and discrimination. After assuming leadership of the Indian National Congress in 1921, Gandhi led nationwide campaigns to ease poverty, expand women's rights, build religious and ethnic amity, end untouchability, and increase economic self-reliance. Above all, he aimed to achieve Swaraj or the independence of India from foreign domination. Gandhi famously led his followers in the Non-cooperation movement that protested the British-imposed salt tax with the 400 km (240 mi) Dandi Salt March in 1930. He launched the Quit India Movement in 1942, demanding immediate independence for India. Gandhi spent a number of years in jail in both South Africa and India.As a practitioner of ahimsa, Gandhi swore to speak the truth and advocated that others do the same. He lived modestly in a self-sufficient residential community and wore the traditional Indian dhoti and shawl, woven from yarn that he had spun by hand himself. He ate simple vegetarian food, experimented for a time with a fruitarian diet, and undertook long fasts as a means of both self-purification and social protest. To say he ‘became involved’ is a bit of an understatement because it was his life’s work over the course of the next thirty years. What set Gandhi apart were his principles of nonviolence and his determination that Indian independence could be achieved without war. During this period of time he became referred to as Mahatma, which means "Great Soul," and to many he is simply known as Mahatma Gandhi.Many of his methods can be attributed to a set of values he called ‘satyagraha’, or ‘holding firmly to truth.’ The goal of satyagraha is not to defeat the person who opposes you, but rather to convert them to your way of thinking. When such things happen, the opponent is no longer one’s opponent and it is possible to move forward together toward a mutual goal.One of the most famous examples of satyagraha was Gandhi’s "Salt March" in 1930. The British had a monopoly on the salt industry. Salt could only be purchased at official outlets, and the salt had a tax on it that many Indians were unable to pay. The situation was so dire that illnesses due to a lack of iodine in the diet afflicted many.As an intentional act of civil disobedience, Gandhi led several dozen of his followers on a approximately three hundred ninety kilometers march to the ocean. Along the way, he gave interviews with the press as well as daily speeches to the people of the cities he passed through. By the time he reached the ocean on April 6, 1930 he had gathered a crowd of fifty thousand as well as a worldwide audience following the event through newspapers and newsreels.. Gandhi's first major achievements came in 1918 with the Champaran agitation and Kheda Satyagraha, although in the latter it was indigo and other cash crops instead of the food crops necessary for their survival. Suppressed by the militias of the landlords (mostly British), they were given measly compensation, leaving them mired in extreme poverty. The villages were kept extremely dirty and unhygienic; and alcoholism was rampant. Now in the throes of a devastating famine, the British levied a tax which they insisted on increasing. The situation was desperate. In Kheda in Gujarat, the problem was the same. Gandhi established an ashram there, organising scores of his veteran supporters and fresh volunteers from the region. He organised a detailed study and survey of the villages, accounting for the atrocities and terrible episodes of suffering, including the general state of degenerate living. Building on the confidence of villagers, he began leading the cleanup of villages, building of schools and hospitals and encouraging the village leadership to undo and condemn many social evils such as untouchability and alcoholism.But his main impact came when he was arrested by police on the charge of creating unrest and was ordered to leave the province. Hundreds of thousands of people protested and rallied outside the jail, police stations and courts demanding his release, which the court reluctantly granted. He had led organised protests and strikes against the landlords who, with the guidance of the British government, signed an agreement granting the poor farmers of the region more compensation and control over farming, and cancellation of revenue hikes and its collection until the famine ended. It was during this agitation that Gandhi was addressed by the people as Bapu (Father) and Mahatma (Great Soul). In Kheda, Sardar Patel represented the farmers in negotiations with the British, who suspended revenue collection and released all the prisoners. As a result, Gandhi's fame spread all over the nation and because of this, he is now called "Father of the Nation" in India. Gandhi dedicated his life to the wider purpose of discovering truth, or Satya. He tried to achieve this by learning from his own mistakes and conducting experiments on himself. He called his autobiography The Story of My Experiments with Truth.He did not advocate any thing to others unless he practiced himself.He was embodiment of simplicity widely known for his principles of truth and non-violence that is what required to be adhered by our present –day –politicians. He never struggled for an office rather remained contented with his sacrifice and selfless service to the people at large for the sake of humanity.
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Jai Kaushal :
he made india great.
Very true , agreeable one.
..Jed Zimmerman :
.Shailesh Dwivedi :
true ....our great father of nation
.Amar Singh Rana :
Hallo my dear Bishwa Nath Singh jee,Jai Deva, We like very much your very brief note-version. Here we add very valuable Goal encouraging fact which we found with the help of Our Paramguru jee, Parmasant ,the Realtiy, Sampurnparbrhm Shri Baldev Raj Khanna jee, that Mahatma Gandhi jee after leaving the physical hody, he has been given immortality (amrtv) seat in Trikuti, where Bhagwan Shiv Shnkar is also stationed along with many others numbering about 275 Mahan-atmas. by His Highness Highest Command Malike Kul Aalam.