Mamta Banerjee,founder leader of Trinamul Congress Party becomes the eleventh Chief Minister of West Bengal by B.N.Singh
.(by Bishwa Nath Singh on Friday, May 20, 2011 at 5:01pm.)
Mamata Banerjee ,the former Union Railway Minister has been sworn-in as the Chief Minister of West Bengal State of India in the afternoon of May 20, 2011. She is the founding chairperson of the Trinamool Congress. She is well-known as a firebrand orator and popularly known as "Didi" meaning 'the elder sister' who had pulled off a landslide victory for the Trinamul Congress in West Bengal by defeating the world's longest-serving democratically-elected communist government, i.e. Communist Party of India (Marxist) led Left Front government, eliminating thirty four years of Left's rule in the state. After swearing-in ceremony of Trinamool Congress Party leader Mamta Banerjee in the afternoon of May 20,2011 as the Chief Minister of West Bengal State of India in Governor’s House at Calcutta ,the state said goodbye to three decades of uninterrupted rule by the world's longest-serving, democratically elected communist government . She was born to Promileswar and Gayatri Banerjee on January 5,1955, in Calcutta now Kolkata in West Bengal State of India. She is a brahmin. who grew up from a lower middle-class family and then started her political career with the Congress. And, as a young woman in the 1970s, she quickly rose in the ranks to become the general secretary of the state Mahila Congress (1976–80) She was a College-going adult in the mid-1970s when politics in Bengal had begun to accommodate the youngesters.Uninhibited, she jumped up and danced on the bonnet of Jaiprakash Narayan's car. Throughout her political life she maintained an austere lifestyle and never spent money on clothes, cosmetics and jewellery and slung a cotton bag on her shoulder. She has remained single throughout her life She had graduated with an honors degree in History from the Jogamaya Devi College, an undergraduate women's college in southern Kolkata. Later she earned a master's degree in Islamic History from the University of Calcutta. This was followed by a degree in education from the Shri Shikshayatan College. Later, she earned a law degree from the Jogesh Chandra Chaudhuri Law College, Kolkata Nevertheless to mention that all of these Kolkata based institutions :Jogamaya Devi College, Shri Shikshayatan College and Jogesh Chandra Chaudhuri Law College) are affiliates of the University of Calcutta. She started her political career with Congress(I), and as a young woman in the 1970s, she quickly rose in the ranks of the local Congress group, and remained the General Secretary of Mahila Congress (I), West Bengal, from 1976 to 1980. In the 1984 general election, she became one of India's youngest parliamentarians ever, beating veteran Communist politician Somnath Chatterjee, from the Jadavpur parliamentary Constituency in West Bengal. She also became the General-Secretary of the All India Youth Congress. Losing her seat in 1989 in an anti-Congress wave, she was back in 1991 general elections, having settled into the Calcutta South constituency. She retained the Kolkata South seat in the 1996, 1998, 1999, 2004 and 2009 general elections.In the Narsimha Rao’s Union Government that was formed in 1991,she was inducted in the Union Ministry as the Union Minister of State for Human Resources Development, Youth Affairs and Sports, and Women and Child Development. As the sports minister, she announced that she would resign, and protested in a rally at the Brigade Parade Ground in Kolkata, against Government's indifference towards her proposal to improve sports in the country She was discharged of her portfolios in 1993. In April 1996, she alleged that Congress was behaving as a stooge of the CPI-M in West Bengal. She claimed that she was the lone voice of reason and wanted a "clean Congress". At a private rally at Alipore in Kolkata, Mamata Banerjee wrapped a black shawl around her neck and threatened to make a noose with it. In July 1996, she squatted at the well of Lok Sabha to protest against the hike in petroleum price, though she was a part of the Government. In that very time she had clasped the collar of Amar singh, MP of Samajwadi Party, in the well of the parliament. In February 1997, on the day of railway budget presentation in Lok Sabha, Mamata Banerjee threw her shawl at the railway minister Ram Vilas Paswan for ignoring West Bengal and announced her resignation. The speaker, P. A. Sangma, did not accept her resignation and asked her to apologize. Later she came back as Santosh Mohan Deb mediated..In 1997, she came out of the Congress Party in West Bengal and established the All India Trinamool Congress. It quickly became the primary opposition to the long-standing Communist government in the state. On December 11, 1998, she controversially held a Samajwadi Party MP, Daroga Prasad Saroj, by the collar and dragged him out of the well of the Lok Sabha to prevent him from protesting against the Women's Reservation bill. In 1999, she joined the BJP-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government and was allocated the Railways Ministry.In 2000, she had presented her first Railway Budget. In it she did not fulfill many of her promises to her home state West Bengal. She introduced a new biweekly New Delhi-Sealdah Rajdhani Express train and four express trains connecting various parts of West Bengal, namely the Howrah-Purulia Rupasi Bangla Express, Sealdah-New Jalpaiguri Express, Shalimar-Bankura Arannyak Express and the Sealdah-Amritsar Superfast Express (weekly). She also increased the frequency of the Pune-Howrah Azad Hind Express and extension of at least three express train services. Work on the Digha-Howrah Express service also hastened during her brief tenure. She had also focused on developing tourism, enabling the Darjeeling-Himalayan section with two additional locomotives and proposing the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Limited. She also commented that India should play a pivotal role in the Trans-Asian Railway and that rail links between Bangladesh and Nepal would be reintroduced. In all, she introduced nineteen new trains for the 2000–2001 fiscal year. In early 2001, after making allegations against the BJP, she walked out of the NDA cabinet and allied with the Congress Party for West Bengal's 2001 elections, amidst speculation that the move could unseat the Communist government. She returned to the cabinet in January 2004, holding the Ministry of Coal and Mines portfolios until the 2004 Elections, in which she was the only Trinamool Congress member to win a Parliament seat from West Bengal.On October 20, 2005, she protested against the industrial development policy of the Buddhadev Bhattacharya government in West Bengal. Benny Santoso, CEO of the Indonesia-based Salim Group had pledged a large investment to West Bengal, and the West Bengal government had given him farmland in Howrah, sparking protest. Despite soaking rain, Mamata Banerjee and other Trinamool Congress members stood in front of the Taj Hotel where Santoso had arrived, shut out by the police. Later, she and supporters followed Santoso's convoy. A planned "black flag" protest was avoided, when the government had Santoso arrive three hours ahead of schedule. Mamata Banerjee had suffered further setbacks in 2005, when her party lost control of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation and the sitting Mayor defected from her party. In 2006, the Trinamool Congress was defeated in West Bengal's Assembly Elections, losing more than half of its sitting members.On August 4,2006, she hurled her resignation paper at the deputy speaker Charanjit Singh Atwal in Lok Sabha. The provocation was the speaker's (Somnath Catterjee) rejection of her adjournment motion on illegal infiltration by Bangladeshi's in West Bengal. The motion was turned down by the speaker on the ground that it was not in proper format. In November 2006, Mamata Banerjee was forcibly stopped on her way to Singur for a rally against a proposed Tata Motors car project. She had reached the West Bengal assembly and protested at the venue. She addressed a press conference at the assembly and announced a twelve hour shutdown by her party .The Trinamul Congress MLAs protested by damaging furniture and microphones in the West Bengal Assembly. A major strike was called on 14 December 2006.Now in parliament election 2009 where TMC was with alliance with UPA and people of WestBengal acted against the Left front and elected Congress-TMC alliance on twenty six seats, which made here again inducted in Dr.Man Mohan Singh’s Union Cabinet as the Union Indian Railway Minister for her five years term. In the 2010 Municipal Elections in West Bengal, TMC won Kolkata Municipal Corporation in a margin of sixty two seats. TMC faired very well in Corporation election.. The Nandigram violence was an incident in Nandigram, West Bengal where, on the orders of the Left Front government, more than four thousand heavily armed police stormed the Nandigram area with the aim of stamping out protests against the West Bengal government’s plans to expropriate tenthousand acres (40 km) of land for a Special Economic Zone to be developed by the Indonesian-based Salim Group. The police shot dead at least fourteen villagers and wounded seventy more. She wrote letters to the Indian Prime Minister Dr.Manmohan Singh and the then Union Home Minister Shivraj Patil to stop the violence promoted by CPI(M) in Nandigram.Agitation in Nandigram has subsided, after the State Govt. shelved the proposed chemical hub project In the West Bengal Assembly elections of 2011, Trinamul Congress and congress parties combined, spearheaded by Mamata Banerjee successfully won with over seventy five percent of the total Assembly seats. This was considered a historic victory over the Left Front rule. She was elected leader of State Legislators’ Party of TMC that lead her to be the eleventh Chief Minister of West Bengal and the first woman chief Minister of the state of West Bengal. The highlight of the election was that only four ministers out of the twenty eight of the outgoing regime were able to retain their seats. Even the outgoing Chief Minister Buddhadev Bhattacharya lost his seat by a huge margin of sixteen thousand votes. Let us join to congratulate her for this great honor that West Bengal has bestowed on her and wish her all success during her tenure though she has enormous task ahead her to sort out as unemployment, corruption, good governance etc.!
Photos-Three. (1)Mamta Banerjee,Chief Minister of West Bengal State of India (2)UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi is seen congratulating Mamta Banerjee on latter's historic win in Assembly Poll. and (3)Mamta Banerjee was seen as Union Minister for Railways,Govt. of India.
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