Terrorism is the greatest menace of the world during twenty first century by Bishwa Nath Singh.
Terrorism is seen as the greatest menace for overall development of mankind, state, nation and world as whole. It is a method of warfare. There is an odd thing in human behavior about war. On a fundamental level, war is killing the enemy to the point of conquering or surrender. The odd thing is that, over time, actual rules have been established as to who can be killed and what can be destroyed in modern warfare and have it seen as humane. Still, war remains killing the enemy. There may be many factions in a war, but on a fundamental level there is two sides. One side is perceived by some as the offensive side and the other side as the defensive side. It depends on who is asked. In conventional warfare, the soldiers of the enemy's military and military targets are what is sought to be destroyed. Civilians are not to be killed on purpose. However, collateral damage in warfare is a known fact. These rules of killing that have evolved over time are accepted as the norm in warfare. In terrorism, non-combatants and civilians are purposefully sought to be killed in order to create the maximum amount of fear. Terrorism is a tactic resorted to by warmakers who have limited resources and who do not accept the rules of conventional warfare. A small group can kill a few hundred or a few thousand civilians with little effort or tools. It is not an accepted warfare tactic in the United States of America. However, it is a tactic being used against us more and more. If we turn the pages of history, we will find that the Reign of Terror, 1793–94, was known as period of the French Revolution characterized by a wave of executions of presumed enemies of the state. Directed by the Committee of Public Safety, the Revolutionary government's Terror was essentially a war dictatorship, instituted to(1793–94) in the French Revolution but has taken on additional meaning in the 20th century. Terrorism involves activities such as assassinations, bombings, random killings, and hijackings. Used for political, not military, purposes, and most typically by groups too weak to mount open assaults, it is a modern tool of the alienated, and its psychological impact on the public has increased because of extensive coverage by the media. Political terrorism also may be part of a government campaign to eliminate the opposition, as under Hitler Hitler, Adolf (1889–1945), founder and leader of National Socialism (Nazism), and German dictator, b. Braunau in Upper Austria. Early Life Mussolini, Benito , 1883–1945, Italian dictator and leader of the Fascist movement. His father, an ardent Socialist, was a blacksmith; his mother was a teacher., Stalin, Joseph Vissarionovich ,(1879–1953,) Soviet Communist leader and head of the USSR from the death of V. I. Lenin (1924) until his own death,. Terrorist attacks also are now a common tactic in guerrilla warfare fighting by groups of irregular troops (guerrillas) within areas occupied by the enemy. When guerrillas obey the laws of conventional warfare they a Reign of Terror, 1793–94, period of the French Revolution characterized by a wave of re entitled, if captured, to be treated as ordinary prisoners of war. In 1999 the UN Security Council unanimously called for better international cooperation in fighting terrorism and asked governments not to aid terrorists. The Sept. 11, 2001, attacks by Al Qaeda on the World Trade Center World Trade Center, former building complex in lower Manhattan, New York City, consisting of seven buildings and a shopping concourse on a 16-acre (6.5-hectare) site; it was destroyed by a terrorist attack on Sept. 11, 2001.and the Pentagon Pentagon, the, building accommodating the U.S. Dept. of Defense. Located in Arlington across the Potomac River from Washington, D.C., the Pentagon is a five-sided building consisting of five concentric pentagons connected to each other by corridors and covering the most devastating terrorist attacks in history—prompted calls by U.S. political leaders for a world "war on terrorism." Although the U.S. effort to destroy Al Qaeda and overthrow the Afghani government that hosted it was initially successful, terrorism is not a movement but a tactic used by a wide variety of groups, some of which are regarded (and supported) as "freedom fighters" in various countries or by various peoples. So-called state-sponsored terrorism, in which governments provide support or protection to terrorist groups that carry out proxy attacks against other countries, also complicates international efforts to end terror attacks, but financial sanctions have been placed by many countries on organizations that directly or indirectly support terrorists. The 2001 bioterror attacks in which anthrax anthrax , acute infectious disease of animals that can be secondarily transmitted to humans. It is caused by a bacterium (Bacillus anthracis) that primarily affects sheep, horses, hogs, cattle, and goats and is almost always fatal in animals.spores were mailed to various U.S. media and government offices may not be linked to the events of September 11, 2001but they raised specter of biological and chemical terrorism and revealed the difficulty of dealing with such attacks.Systematic use of violence to create a general climate of fear in a population and thereby to bring about a particular political objective. It has been used throughout history by political organizations of both the left and the right, by nationalist and ethnic groups, and by revolutionaries. Although usually thought of as a means of destabilizing or overthrowing existing political institutions, terror also has been employed by governments against their own people to suppress dissent; examples include the reigns of certain Roman emperors, the French Revolution, Nazi Germany, the Soviet Union under Stalin, and Argentina during the “dirty war” of the 1970s. Terrorism's impact has been magnified by the deadliness and technological sophistication of modern-day weapons and the capability of the media to disseminate news of such attacks instantaneously throughout the world. The deadliest terrorist attack ever occurred in the United States on Sept. 11, 2001 , when members of al-Qaeda terrorist network hijacked four commercial airplanes and crashed two of them into the twin towers of the World Trade Center complex in New York City and one into the Pentagon building near Washington, D.C.; the fourth plane crashed near Pittsburgh, Pa. The crashes resulted in the collapse of much of the World Trade Center complex, the destruction of part of the southwest side of the Pentagon, and the deaths of about three thousand people.Since India got its independence on August 15, 1947, the country has been facing the problem of insurgency and terrorism in different parts of the country. Insurgency speaks of an armed violent movement, directed mainly against security forces and other government targets, to seek territorial control;. Terrorism has been taken to mean an armed violent movement directed against government as well as non-government targets, involving pre-meditated attacks with arms, ammunition and explosives against civilians, and resorting to intimidation tactics such as hostage-taking and hijacking, but not seeking territorial control. India has faced exclusively terrorist movements in Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir bordering Pakistan, and part insurgent-part terrorist movements in the northeast, bordering Myanmar and Bangladesh; in Bihar, bordering Nepal; and in certain interior states like Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh [ and Orissa that do not have international borders. India has also faced terrorism of an ephemeral nature, which sprang suddenly due religious anger against either the government or the majority Hindu community or both and petered out subsequently. Examples of this would be the simultaneous explosions in Mumbai on March 12, 1993, which killed about two hundred fifty civilians, and the simultaneous explosions in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, in February 1998. Tamil Nadu has also faced the fallout of terrorism promoted by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam in Sri Lanka in the form of attacks by LTTE elements on its political rivals living in the state and in the assassination of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi in May 1991. India had also faced, for some years, Hindu sectarian terrorism in the form of the Anand Marg, which, in its motivation and irrationality, resembled to some extent the Aum Shinrikiyo of Japan [The Marg, with its emphasis on meditation, special religious and spiritual practices and use of violence against its detractors, had as many followers in foreign countries as it had in India. Its over-ground activities have petered out since 1995, but it is believed to retain many of its covert cells in different countries. However, they have not indulged in acts of violence recently. Political causes is seen essentially its root cause in Assam and Tripura. The political factors that led to insurgency-cum-terrorism included the failure of the government to control large-scale illegal immigration of Muslims from Bangladesh, to fulfill the demand of economic benefits for the sons and daughters of the soil, etc. Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Bihar are prime examples of economical causes of terrorism. The economic factors include the absence of land reforms, rural unemployment, exploitation of landless labourers by land owners, etc. These economic grievances and perceptions of gross social injustice have given rise to ideological terrorist groups such as the various Marxist/ Maoist groups operating under different names. Ethnic causes were seen in Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur due to feelings of ethnic separateness. Religious causes were main issues in Punjab before 1995 and in J&K since 1989.In Punjab, some Sikh elements belonging to different organizations thad taken up to terrorism to demand the creation of an independent state called Khalistan for the Sikhs. In J&K, Muslims belonging to different organizations took to terrorism for conflicting objectives. Some, such as the Jammu & Kashmir Liberation Front, want independence for the state, including all the territory presently part of India, Pakistan and China. Others, such as the Hizbul Mujahideen , want India's J&K state to be merged with Pakistan. While those who want independence project their struggle as a separatist one, those wanting a merger with Pakistan project it as a religious struggle. There have also been sporadic acts of religious terrorism in other parts of India. These are either due to feelings of anger amongst sections of the Muslim youth over the government's perceived failure to safeguard their lives and interests or due to Pakistan's attempts to cause religious polarization. The 2008 Mumbai attacks that is referred to as November 26 or 26/11 were more than ten coordinated shooting and bombing attacks across Mumbai, India's largest city, by Islamic terrorists who had invaded from Pakistani seawaters.The terrorists who carried out the reconnaissance before the attacks later stated that the attacks were conducted with the support of Pakistan's secret service, the ISI. The attacks, which drew widespread global condemnation, began on November 26,2008 and lasted until November 29,2008, killing one hundred sixty four people and wounding at least three hundred eight innocent people.Eight of the attacks had occurred in South Mumbai: at Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, the Oberoi Trident, the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower, Leopold Cafe, Cama Hospital (a women and children's hospital), Nariman House, the Metro Cinema, and a lane behind the Times of India building and St. Xavier's College. There was also an explosion at Mazagaon, in Mumbai's port area, and in a taxi at Vile Parle. By the early morning of November 28,2008, all sites except for the Taj hotel had been secured by Mumbai Police and security forces. An action by India's National Security Guards (NSG) on 29 November 29,2008 -the action officially named Operation Black Tornado had resulted in the death of the last remaining attackers at the Taj hotel, ending all fighting in the attacks. Ajmal Kasab the only attacker who was captured alive, disclosed that the attackers were members of Lashkar-e-Taiba, the Pakistan-based militant organisation, considered a terrorist organisation by India, Pakistan, the United States, the United Kingdom, and the United Nations, among others. The Indian government said that the attackers came from Pakistan, and their controllers were in Pakistan.On January 7, 2009, Pakistan's Information Minister Sherry Rehman officially had accepted. The nationality of Ajmal Kasab as Pakistani On February 12, 2009, Pakistan's Interior Minister Rehman Malik asserted that parts of the attack had been planned in Pakistan. A trial court on May 6, 2010 sentenced Ajmal Kasab to death on five counts.Pakistan's ISI is alleged to have been involved in the attacks according to Wikileaks. We are happy that the founder leader of Al Qaeda Osama Bin Laden was killed by American military and C.I.A. operatives in the night of May 1,2011 in a massive Haveli ( building ) of Abbottabad of Pakistan where he was hiding with his family for last five years as announced by US President Barack Obama who had watched that forty minutes operation with his aides during his telecast to his nation that was relayed by all TV Channels and all of us heard him with rapt attention. Terrorism is the greatest menaces that the world is suffering for development of mankind as whole that must be contained. Mass awareness be brought out about its nefarious activities so that youth can’t be subjected to join any Terror group in lieu of allurements of several kinds offered to innocent youth by Terror leaders. Blanket ban be enforced on their arms training besides use and cultivation of narcotic be banned once for all. Let us hope and pray for containment of Terrorism as such that hampers over all development of mankind as whole besides country as such!
By Bishwa Nath Singh.
( Photos-3. The first Photo was the scene of Mumbai blast. The Second Photo is also of Mumbai blast. and third Photo was that of Terrorist attack on World Trade Centre of New Yoek.)
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Bishwa Nath Singh:
It has been said that the terrorist attacks are usually carried out in such a way as to maximize the severity and length of the psychological impact. Each act of terrorism is a “performance” devised to have an impact on many large audiences.Terrorists also attack national symbols, to show power and to attempt to shake the foundation of the country or society they are opposed to. Terrorist acts frequently have a political purpose[.Terrorism is a political tactic, like letter-writing or protesting, which is used by activists when they believe that no other means will effect the kind of change they desire. The change is desired so badly that failure to achieve change is seen as a worse outcome than the deaths of civilians. When a political struggle is integrated into the framework of a religious or "cosmic"struggle, such as over the control of an ancestral homeland or holy site such as Israel and Jerusalem, failing in the political goal becomes equated with spiritual failure, which, for the highly committed, is worse than their own death or the deaths of innocent civiliansVery often, the victims of terrorism are targeted not because they are threats, but because they are specific "symbols, tools, animals or corrupt beings that tie into a specific view of the world that the terrorists possess. Their suffering accomplishes the terrorists' goals of instilling fear, getting their message out to an audience or otherwise satisfying the demands of their often radical religious and political agendas. Let us strive hard to rise to contain terrorism at all cost from the universe as such so that every one can live with their head high!
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