Saturday, September 4, 2010

Today being the 5th of September is celebrated as Teachers' Day to mark the birth anniversary of Late Dr.S. Radhakrishnan,the former President of India as flashed on the f.b. by me.

Bishwa Nath Singh:
We will be happily celebrating Teachers’ day today on the 5th of September with great festivity by paying our humble obeisance to the lotus feet of our teachers and seek their bliss for well-being of all living-being of this universe. Fortunately, Dr. S. Radhakrishnan ‘s birth day falls on the 5th of September that celebrated all throughout our country as Teachers’ day to commemorate his birth day who had started his career as a teacher who later occupied the highest post of President of our country from May 13,1962 to May 12,1957.Let us have a glimpse of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the first Vice-President of our Indian Union and ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha from May13.1952 to May12,.1957 and from May13.1957 to May12,.1962 and the Second President of India from 13.5.1962 to 12.5.1967.He was decorated with the highest civilian award of Bharat Ratna in 1954.He was widely adored by over billions of people spread round the world for his brilliant performance that he had held during his life-time! S.Radhakrishna was born on the 5th of September 1888 in a middle class Telugu Brahmin family at Tiruttani in Tamil Nadu state, His early years were spent in Tirutani and Tirupati. His father was a Subordinate Revenue Official in the service of a local landlord. He had his primary education at Primary Board High School at Tirutani. In 1896, he was shifted to the Hermansburg Evangelical Lutheral Mission School at Tirupati. S.Radhakrishnan was a brilliant student all throughout his academic career and that is the reason that he was awarded scholarships throughout his academic life. He joined the Voorhee's College in Vellore but switched over to the Madras Christian College at the age of 17. He graduated with a Master's degree in Philosophy from Madras Christian College in 1906 .He proved himself as one of its most distinguished alumni. S. Radhakrishnan wrote his thesis for the M.A. degree on "The Ethics of the Vedanta and its Metaphysical Pre-suppositions He was afraid that his M.A. thesis, "The Ethics of the Vedanta" would offend his philosophy professor, Dr. A.G. Hogg. Instead, Dr. Hogg commended S.Radhakrishnan for having done an excellent job. S. Radhakrishnan's M.A. thesis was published when he was only twenty years old. S. Radhakrishnan happened to study philosophy by chance rather than by choice. S. Radhakrishnan having been a financially constrained student at the time, when one of his cousin, after graduating from the same college, passed on his textbooks in philosophy to S. Radhakrishnan which automatically decided his academic course. Later on he felt deep interest in his subject and wrote many acclaimed works on philosophy, both eastern and western. S.Radhakrishnan was married to Sivakamu, a distant cousin in 1904 at the age of sixteen. His bride was then only ten years old. As per tradition the marriage had been arranged by the family. The couple had five daughters and a son, Sarvepalli Gopal. Sarvepalli Gopal pursued his notable career as a great historian. In 1918 Radhakrishnan was selected as Professor of Philosophy by the University of Mysore. By that time he had written many articles for journals of repute like The Quest, Journal of Philosophy and the International Journal of Ethics. He also completed his first book, The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore. He In 1921 he was appointed as a professor in philosophy to occupy the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta. Radhakrishnan represented the University of Calcutta at the Congress of the Universities of the British Empire in June 1926 and the International Congress of Philosophy at Harvard University in September 1926..In 1929 Dr. Radhakrishnan was invited to take the post vacated by Principal J. Estlin Carpenter in Manchester College, Oxford. This gave him the opportunity to lecture to the students of the University of Oxford on Comparative Religion. For his services to education he was knighted by the British Government in 1931, but did not use the title in his personal life, preferring instead his academic title of 'Doctor'. He was the Vice-Chancellor of Andhra University from 1931 to 1936. In 1936 Radhakrishnan was named Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at the University of Oxford, and was elected a Fellow of All Souls College. In 1939 Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya invited him to succeed him as the Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) He served as its Vice-Chancellor till January, 1948. When India became independent in 1947, Dr. Radhakrishnan represented India at UNESCO and was later Ambassador of India to the Soviet Union, from 1949 to 1952. He was also elected to the Constituent Assembly of India. Dr. Radhakrishnan was elected as the first Vice President of India in 1952. He was elected as the second President of India (1962–1967). When he became President, some of his students and friends requested him to allow them to celebrate his birthday, 5 September. He had replied to them that instead of celebrating his birthday, it would be his proud privilege if the 5th September is observed as Teachers' Day in our country.His birthday has since been celebrated as Teachers' Day in India.Unfortunately, Dr. S. Radhakrishnan’s spouse Sivakamamma died in 1956 while he was the Vice-President of our counry Dr. S.Radhakrishnan lived his full life and was decorated with many prestigious award who died on April 17,1975.

Bishwanath Singh: Let us join all to pay our humble obeisance to the lotus feet of Late Dr.S. Radahakrishnan, former President of India whose birth anniversary falls today i.e on the 5th of September which is celebrated all over India as Teachers' Day with great festivity and devotion! We must bear in our mind that our teachers play very important role in our life as they teach us moral ,social, economical & ethical values of life as a result they command & deserve our admiration and respect. Let us pay our floral tribute to them!


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