Bishwanath Singh :
May we recapitulate our memory as who was that great Guru who had ordained all the followers of Sikhism to wear five KS! They are as follows :.(1). Kesh - unshorn hair. This represents the natural appearance of sainthood. This is the first token of Sikh faith. (2.) Kanga- A comb to clean the hair. (3.) Kachha - An underwear to indicate virtuous character. (4). Kara - A Iron bracelet on the wrist, a symbol of dedication to the Divine Bridegroom. & (5). Kirpan - A sword symbolizing dignity, power and unconquerable spirit and exhorted them to follow these guidelines noted below (A)Not to remove hair from the body. (B). Not to use Tobacco or other intoxicants (alcohol). .(C) Not to eat or touch Kuttha (Halal or Kosher) meat of an animal as described in Hukamnama by Sri Guru Gobind Singh ji to the Sikhs of Kabul (D). Not to commit adultery- 'Par nari ki sej, bhul supne hun na jayo' (never enjoy, even in dream, the bed of a woman other than your own wife) .A supplementary ordinance was issued that any one who did not observe any of the four directives, must be re- baptized, pay a fine, and promise not to offend any more; or he must be excommunicated from the Khalsa. (E) They must rise at dawn, bathe, meditate on Gurmantar-'Waheguru', Moolmantar- the preamble of Japji, and recite five banis- Japji, Jap Sahib and Swayas in the morning; Rehras in the evening; and Kirtan Sohela at bed time at night. and (F) They must not worship idols, cemeteries, or cremation grounds, and must believe only in one Immortal God.! The Guru further spelled out that they should practice arms, and never show their backs to the foe in the battle field. They should always be ready to help the poor and protect those who sought their protection. They were to consider their previous castes erased, and deem themselves all brothers of one family. Sikhs were to intermarry among themselves. He was none else than the tenth Guru of Sikhism Guru Gobind Singh Ji became Guru on November 24, 1675 at the age of nine, following in the footsteps of his father Guru Teg Bahadur ji. Before Guru ji left his mortal body for his heavenly abode, he nominated Sri Guru Granth Sahib ji (SGGS) as the next perpetual Guru of the Sikhs. Guru. Let us pay our humble obeisances to his lotus feet and seek his bliss for well-being of all of us living in this universe! It would be very appropriate, if we have glimpse on his life history in brief that is appended below:
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Bishwanath Singh :
Guru Gobind Singh Ji is the last of the Tenth Gurus of Sikhism. He was born as Gobind Rai Sodhi on the 22nd of December 1666 at Patna, in Bihar in India.He was son of Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji & Gujri JI. His father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, the Nin...th Guru ofv Sikhism.Guru Teg Bahadur was then travelling across Bengal and Assam. Returning to Patna in 1670, he directed his family to return to the Punjab. On the site of the house at Patna in which Gobind Rai was born and where he spent his early childhood now stands a sacred shrine, Takht Sri Harimandar Sahib, one of the five most honored seats of religious authority (takht or throne) for the Sikhs. Gobind Rai was escorted to Anandpur (then known as Chakk Nanaki) at the foothills of the Sivaliks where he reached in March 1672 and there he had his early education included reading and writing of Punjabi, Braj, Sanskrit and Persian languages. He was married with Mata Jeeto Ji in July, 1677.Later on ,he had married with Mata Sundri & Mata Shaib Divan .In all four sons namely Zorawar Singh, Ajit Singh, Jujha Singh, Fateh Singh were born to him who later sacrificed their life for the sake of Sikhism..He was barely nine years of age when a sudden turn came in his life as well as in the life of entire Sikh community, he was destined to lead. Early in 1675, a group Kashmiri Brahmans, driven to desperation by the religious fanaticism of the Mughal General Iftikar Khan, visited Anandpur to seek Guru Tegh Bahadur's intercession. As the Guru sat reflecting what to do, young Gobind Rai, arriving there in company with his playmates, asked his father as why he looked so preoccupied. The father replied him that the grave are the burdens the earth bears and that will be redeemed only if a truly worthy person comes forward to lay down his head. Distress will then be expunged and happiness ushered in.None could be worthier than yourself to make such a sacrifice, remarked Gobind Rai in his innocent manner. Guru Tegh Bahadur soon afterwards proceeded to the imperial capital, Delhi, and courted death on the11th of November 1675. He was nominated as the tenth Guru by the ninth Guru of Sikhs, Guru Tegh Bahadur who was also his father. After Guru Tegh Bahadur's death, Guru Gobind Singh became Guru on November 11, 1675.He remained on Guru Gadhi for thirty three years and passed away on the October 7, 1708 at Jyoti Jot Place at Nanded.Before Guru Gobind Ji left his body, he nominated Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji - the Holy book of Sikhs as the next perpetual Guru of the Sikhs. Guru Gobind Singh is highly regarded by the Sikhs for his monumental role in the development of the Sikh faith. He is said to have molded the Sikh Religion into its present form today with the formation of the Khalsa. Guru Gobind also established the Sikh baptism ceremony, the partaking of “Amrit”. Guru Gobind Singh Ji infused the spirit of both sainthood and solider in the minds and hearts of his followers to fight oppression in order to restore justice, peace, righteousness (Dharma) and to uplift the down-trodden people in this world. Guru Gobind Singh lost his father, mother, and all four of his sons to a religious war, being waged by the Mughal Emperor; Aurangzeb was keen to see Islamization of Hindus and Sikhs. In his life Guru Gobind Singh fought four battles against Mughal oppression. Nawab Wazir Khan of Sirhind had felt concerned at the Emperor's conciliatory treatment of Guru Gobind Singh. Their marching together to the South made him jealous, and he charged two of his trusted men with murdering the Guru before his increasing friendship with the Emperor resulted in any harm to him. These two pathans Jamshed Khan and Wasil Beg are the names given in the Guru Kian Sakhian— pursued the Guru secretly and overtook him at Nanded, where, according to Sri Gur Sobha by Senapati, a contemporary writer, one of them stabbed the Guru in the left side below the heart as he lay one evening in his chamber resting after the Rahras prayer. Before he could deal another blow, Guru Gobind Singh struck him down with his sword, while his fleeing companion fell under the swords of Sikhs who had rushed in on hearing the noise. As the news reached Bahadur Shah's camp, he sent expert surgeons, including an Englishman, Cole by name, to attend on the Guru. The wound was stitched and appeared to have healed quickly but, as the Guru one day applied strength to pull a stiff bow, it broke out again and bled profusely. This weakened the Guru beyond cure and he passed away on October 7, 1708 Before the end came, Guru Gobind Singh had asked for the Sacred Volume to be brought forth. He then opened the Granth Sahib, placed five paise & a coconut and solemnly bowed to it as his successor, GURU GRANTH SAHIB. Saying 'Waheguru ji ka Khalsa, Waheguru ji ki Fateh', he walked around the Guru Granth Sahib and proclaimed, "O beloved Khalsa, let him who desireth to behold me, behold the Guru Granth. Obey the Granth Sahib. It is the visible body of the Gurus. And let him who desires to meet me, search me in the hymns To quote Bhatt Vahi Talauda Parganah Jind: "Guru Gobind Singh, the Tenth Master, son of Guru Teg Bahadur, grandson of Guru Hargobind, great-grandson of Guru Arjan, of the family of Guru Ram Das Surajbansi, Gosal clan, Sodhi Khatri, resident of Anandpur, parganah Kahlur, now at Nanded, in the Godavari country in the Deccan, asked Bhai Daya Singh, on Wednesday, 6 October 1708, to fetch Sri Granth Sahib. In obedience to his orders, Daya Singh brought Sri Granth Sahib. Soon after attack on him, the Guru handed the authority of leadership to Bhai Banda Singh and asked him to travel to the Punjab and propagate the Sikh faith. Apart from being a great warrior, Guru Gobind Singh was a learned man. He compiled a number of books and poetry collections in his life. Given here is a short summary of his literary and social works: Guru Gobind Singh thus passed on the succession with due ceremony to the Holy Book, the Guru Granth Sahib, ending the line of personal GurusThe Guru's spirit," he said, "will henceforth be in the Granth and the Khalsa. Where the Granth is with any five Sikhs representing the Khalsa, there will the Guru be." The Word enshrined in the Holy Book was always revered by the Gurus as well as by their disciples as of Divine origin of the Guru Granth Sahib as his successor. It was only through the Word that the Guruship could be made everlasting. The Word as contained in the Guru Granth Sahib was henceforth, and for all time to come to be the Guru for the Sikhs.Let us pay our most respectful & humble obeisances to His lotus feet and seek His bliss to give us passion and wisdom to follow His teachings very truthfully in our life to make our life blissful!