Bishwa Nath Singh :
Is it not high time for all of us to pay our floral tribute to one of the greatest son of our motherland who had preferred to be a nationalist than being humiliated by a teacher speaking ill of our nation and preferred to be rusticated from the prestigious Presidency College of Calcutta in his early life and resigned ...from lucrative service and allurement of being an ICS in early days and twice being President of All India Congress Committee and later being founder of Forward Block ,.organizing Indian National Army(Azad Hind Fauz) and hoisting tricolor and addressing Gandhi Ji as Mahatma for the first time in spite of political differences ?Certainly, it is ripe time to remember that great son of our motherland Subash Chandra Bose and pay our floral tribute to his memories and offer our obeisance to his lotus feet! Let us have a glimpse of his life in brief; any thing said about his greatness will be like showing a candle light before a moon lit!
(Photo of Neta Ji getting down from Air Craft )
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Bishwa Nath Singh :
Subhash Chandra Bose was born on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack in Orissa, to Janakinath Bose, an advocate, and Prabhavati Devi who were from Bengal. He was the ninth child amongst fourteen.. He studied in an Anglo school at Cuttack that is ...now known as Stewart School until class sixth.Later on, he had shifted to Ravenshaw Collegiate School of Cuttack. From there he went to the Presidency College of Clacutta where he studied briefly. His temperament came to light when he was expelled for assaulting Professor Oaten for his anti-India comments showing his unflinching love for his nationality.He was a brilliant student who had topped the matriculation examination of Calcutta province in 1911 and passed his B.A. in 1918 in Philosophy from the famous Scottish Church College of the University of Calcutta after being expelled from the Presidency College, Calcutta for his assault on Prof Oaten for the latter's anti-India statements. Later on, he went to study in Fitzwilliam Hall of the University of Cambridge, and qualified in the examination of Indian Civil Service with high score in the Civil Service examinations that resulted in direct appointment in a lucrative administrative job He had taken his first step very knowingly as a revolutionary to resign the appointment on the clear notion that the best way to end a Government is to withdraw from it that was the time when Indian nationalists were shocked and outraged because of the Amritsar massacre and the repressive Rowlatt legislation of 1919. Returning to India, Bose wrote for the newspaper Swaraj and took charge of publicity for the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee. His mentor was Chittaranjan Das, a great nationalist of Bengal. Bose worked for Das when the latter was elected mayor of Calcutta in 1924. In a roundup of nationalists in 1925, Bose was arrested and sent to prison in Mandalay, where he contracted tuberculosis. Released from prison two years later, Bose became General Secretary of the Congress party and worked with Jawaharlal Nehru for independence. Again Bose was arrested and jailed for the Civil Disobedience; this time he emerged to become Mayor of Calcutta in 1930. During the mid-1930s Bose traveled in Europe, visiting Indian students and European politicians, including Mussolini. He observed party organization and saw communism and fascism in action. By 1938 Bose had become as leader of national stature and agreed to accept nomination as the Congress president. He stood for self-dependence meaning Swaraj, including the use of force against the British. This meant a confrontation with Mohandas Gandhi, who in fact had opposed Bose's Presidency, splitting the Indian National Congress party. Bose attempted to maintain unity, but Gandhi advised Bose to form his own party. The rift also divided Bose and Nehru. Bose appeared at the 1939 Congress meeting on a stretcher. Though he was elected president again, over Gandhi's preferred candidate Pattabhi Sitaramayya, U. Muthuramalingam Thevar strongly supported Bose in the intra-Congress dispute. Thevar mobilised all south India votes for Bose. However, due to the maneuverings of the Gandhi-led clique in the Congress Working Committee, Bose found himself forced to resign from the Congress Presidency. His uncompromising stand finally cut him off from the mainstream of Indian nationalism Bose then organized the Forward Bloc on June 22, 1939 aimed at consolidating the political left, but its main strength was in his home state, Bengal. U Muthuramalingam Thevar, who was disillusioned by the official Congress leadership which had not revoked the Criminal Tribes Act (CTA), joined the Forward Bloc. When Bose visited Madurai on September 6, Thevar organised a massive rally as his reception.Bose advocated the approach that the political instability of war-time Britain should be taken advantage of—rather than simply wait for the British to grant independence after the end of the war. He was an Indian revolutionary who had led an Indian national political and military force against Britain and the Western powers during World War II. He was one of the most prominent leaders in the Indian independence movement and is a legendary figure in India today.He had advocated complete independence for India at the earliest, whereas the All-India Congress Committee wanted it in phases, through Dominion status. Finally at the historic Lahore Congress convention, the Congress adopted complete independence as its motto. Bhagat Singh's martyrdom and the inability of the Congress leaders to save his life infuriated Bose and he started a movement opposing the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. He was imprisoned and expelled from India. Defying the ban, he came back to India and was imprisoned again. At the outset of the war, he had left India, traveling to the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan, seeking an alliance with each of them to attack the British government in India. With Imperial Japanese assistance, he re-organised and later led the Azad Hind Fauj or Indian National Army (INA), formed with Indian prisoners-of-war and plantation workers from British Malaya, Singapore, and other parts of Southeast Asia, against British forces. With Japanese monetary, political, diplomatic and military assistance, he formed the Azad Hind Government in exile, and regrouped and led the INA in failed military campaigns against the allies at Imphal and in Burma. He was imprisoned by the British authorities eleven times. His famous motto was “Give me blood and I will give you freedom". On the Indian mainland, an Indian Tricolor, modeled after that of the Indian National Congress, was raised for the first time in the town in Moirang, in Manipur, in north-eastern India In a speech broadcast by the Azad Hind Radio from Singapore on July 6, 1944, Bose addressed Mahatma Gandhi as the "Father of the Nation". This was the first time that Mahatma Gandhi was referred to by this appellation. He is presumed to have died on the 18 th of August 1945 in a plane crash in Taiwan, though the evidence for his death in such an accident has not been universally accepted and still remains a mystery in spite of probe commission duly appointed by the Union Govt. of India. Bose was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award in 1992, but it was later withdrawn in response to a Supreme Court of India’s directive following a Public Interest Litigation filed in the Court against the posthumous nature of the award. The Award Committee could not give conclusive evidence on Bose's death and thus the posthumous" award was invalidated. No headway was made on this issue however his portrait hangs in the Indian Parliament, and a statue of him has been erected in front of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly. He was a firm believer of the Bhagavad Gita that was a great source of inspiration for the struggle against the British. Swami Vivekananda's teachings on universalism, his nationalist thoughts and his emphasis on social service and reform had all inspired Neta Ji from his very young days. The fresh interpretation of the India's ancient scriptures had also appealed immensely to him.He was a great man having a very towering personality with full of sacrifices for welfare of our motherland who will be always cherished as an uncompromising leader of repute. Let us pay our floral tribute to him and rise to appeal to Govt. of India to clear mystery on his death and if he is no more, why Bharat Ratna should not be decorated to him with full honor who deserves this highest civilian award of our nation by all standard!.