Monday, November 15, 2010

A tribute to Dr.S. Radhakrishnan as flashed on the f.b. on Nov.16,2010.

Bishwa Nath Singh :

Dr.S. Radhakrishnan was a great philosopher,teacher,administrator,statesman besides being an ideal person having towering personality who had served the nation with distinction in many capacities besides being the first Vice President & second President of India.Let us cherish his memories and pay our respectful homage to him!

(Photo of Dr.S. Radhakrishnan)

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Bishwa Nath Singh :
Our naman to his lotus feet!

Anirudha Mohanta :
it is very sad that we are not getting leaders like dr.Radhakrishan now-a-days or don't like them to come to politics

Bishwa Nath Singh :

The people memories are very short. Many have started forgetting the great Philosopher, academician, teacher, writer, administrator besides having been a perfect soul who had lighted our heart to awaken for striving peace & progress of our country. Let us join all to revive our memories and pay our humble obeisance’s t...o the lotus feet of that towering personality who was usually seen in typical turban Dr.S. Radhakrishnan who was born on the 5th of September, 1888 in Tirutani, a well-known religious center in the Madras State. He was the second son of Veera Samayya, a tehsildar in a zamindari. It was a middle-class, respectable Hindu Brahmin family. He was married in 1906, at the tender age of 18 and while still a student, to Sivakamamma, and spent a happy conjugal life with her for half a century before she died in 1956. The main part of his life was spent as an academician. He was a philosophy professor at Mysore (1918-21) and Kolkata (1921-31, 1937-41) universities and also held a professorship in eastern religion and ethics at Oxford (1936-52). His positions in academic administration included the vice chancellorship of Andhra Univ. (1931-36) and of Banaras Hindu University. (1939-48) and the chancellorship of Delhi Univ. (1953-62). He was Ambassador to the USSR (1949-52) and Vice president of India (1952-62) and the Second President of India for five years from the 13tth of May 1962 to the 13th May 1957.h He always stressed the need for India to establish a classless and casteless society. As a philosopher, he always advocated a modern form of Hinduism that attempted to reconcile the world's religions. Among his works are Indian Philosophy (2 vol., 1923-27), The Philosophy of the Upanishads (1924), Eastern Religions and Western Thought (1939, 2d ed. 1969), East and West: Some Reflections (1955), and Religion in a Changing World (1967). He was knighted in the year 1931. Let us have glimpse of his life in brief to revive our memories and cherish him for long!


 (Photo of Dr.S.Radhakrishnan)

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Bishwa Nath Singh :

Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan was born on the 5th of September, 1888 in Tirutani, a well-known religious center in the Madras State. He was the second son of Veera Samayya, a tehsildar in a Zamindari hailing from a middle-class, respectable ...Hindu Brahmin family. He was married in 1906, at the tender age of 18 and while still a student, to Sivakamamma, and had spent a happy married life with her for fifty years before she left for heavenly abode in 1956.He was bright and studious with a scholarly disposition and a serene demeanor, from the very beginning, He had spent the first eight years of his life happily and fruitfully in his home town with his parents. The tranquil and challenging atmosphere of that famous and well-loved place, as well as the benign influence of his parents who, as was common in the South, were intensely religious in the traditional sense, went far in molding his character and sowing a lively seed of religiousness in him. The significant fact that his parents, though orthodox, thought it fit to send their beloved son to Christian Missionary schools and colleges where he studied at Lutheran Mission School, Tirupathi (1896-1900), Vellore College, Vellore (1900-1904) & Madras Christian College (1904-1908).

The far-sightedness and broad-mindedness of his revered parents, which enabled them, in those days of blind prejudices and equally blind social taboos, to send their son to well-disciplined Christian educational institutions -held him in good stead throughout of self discipline and righteousness. His choice of Philosophy as his main or Honors subject in his B.A. degree course was due to a very fortunate accident. At that time, he was really rather baffled as to what particular Honors subject to choose from amongst the possible five, viz., Mathematics, Physics, Biology, Philosophy and History. Then, purely accidentally, and out of a mere boyish curiosity, he read three well-known works on Philosophy, passed on to him by one of his cousins who had that year obtained the B.A. degree with Philosophy Honors; and that definitely decided his higher course of studies. He had studied Sanskrit and Hindi also and garnered a good deal of interest in the traditional languages of India. He also read the Vedas and the Upanishads with great care and reverence. 1888 After finishing his studies was selected in 1918 as Professor of Philosophy by the University of Mysore while he had already written many articles for journals of repute like The Quest, Journal of Philosophy and the International Journal of Ethics. He had completed his first book The Philosophy of Rabindranath Tagore. He believed Tagore's philosophy to be the "genuine manifestation of the Indian spirit." His second book, The Reign of Religion in Contemporary Philosophy was published in 1920.In 1921, he was appointed as a professor in philosophy to occupy the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta. He had represented the University of Calcutta at the Congress of the Universities of the British Empire in June 1926 and the International Congress of Philosophy at Harvard University in September 1926.In 1929, He was invited to take the post vacated by Principal J. Estlin Carpenter in Manchester College, Oxford. This gave him the opportunity to lecture to the students of the University of Oxford on Comparative Religion. For his services to education, he was knighted by the British Government in 1931, but did not use the title in personal life preferring instead his academic title 'Doctor'.He was the Vice-Chancellor of Andhra University from 1931 to 1936. In 1936, Radhakrishnan was named Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at the University of Oxford, and was elected a Fellow of All Souls College. In 1939, Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya invited him to succeed him as the Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) He continued as its Vice-Chancellor till January, 1948.When India became independent in 1947, he had honour to represent India at UNESCO, and was laterAmbassador of India to the Soviet Union, from 1949 to 1952. He was also elected to the Constituent Assembly of India. He was elected as the first Vice President of India in 1952.He was elected as the second President of India (1962–1967). When Dr.S. Radhakrishnan became President, some of his students and friends requested him to allow them to celebrate his birthday, the 5 th of September. He replied,” Instead of celebrating my birthday, it would be my proud privilege if 5 September is observed as Teachers' Day."His birthday has since been celebrated as Teachers' Day in India with dignity and all fervor. along with Ghanshyam Das Birla and a few other Social Workers in the pre-independence era formed Krishnarpan Charity Trust.Radhakrishnan argued that Western philosophers, despite all claims to objectivity, were biased by theological influences of their own culture. He wrote books on Indian philosophy according to Western academic standards, and forced the West to give serious consideration to Indian philosophy. In his book "Idealist View of Life" he has made a powerful case for the importance of intuitive thinking as opposed to purely intellectual forms of thought. He was elected as a Fellow of the British Academy in 1938. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1954, and the Order of Merit in 1963. He received the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade in 1961, and the Templeton Prize in 1975, a few months before his death. He donated the entire Templeton Prize amount to Oxford University. The Oxford University instituted the Radhakrishnan Scholarships in 1989 in his memory. The scholarships were later renamed the Radhakrishna Chevening Scholarships. He had died on the17th of April 1975 at the age of eighty six. at Chennai,Tamil Nadu in India He was a great Philosopher, Statesman, Writer, Teacher ,Administrator besides being a perfect human-being with full of kindness,passion & wisdom very likeable to others. Such person is rarely born on this worldly earth .Let us pay our homage to him & emulate his ideals in us to make our life blissful!


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