Sunday, November 21, 2010

A respectful homage to Acharya J.B.Kripalani as envisaged & flashed on the f.b. on Nov.22,2010.

Bishwa Nath Singh :
As people memories are short, most of us must have forgotten and new generation must not have been ignorant as who was that great leader of our country who was the President of Congress Party at the time our country got independence from British Colonial Rule that had presided over our destiny for many centauries. He none else than Acharya J.B.Kripalani, a well-known personality of our Indian stalwarts. Let us join all to pay our floral tribute to that great son of India though h is no more with us and must have glimpse of his life in brief that is appended below:

(Photo of J.B.Kripalani along with his wife  Sucheta Kripalani and Sardar Patel)

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Bishwa Nath Singh In this Picture, Acharya J.B. Kripalani is seen with Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel & Sucheta Kripalani.Let us have glimpse of the life of Achaya J.B.Kripalani, a great leader & nationalist!
Acharya Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani (J. B. Kripalani... )was born at Hyderabad (Sind) in 1888 in an upper middle class Hindu family. Acharya means scholar.His father, Kaka Bhagwandas, was a Tahsildar (Revenue and Judical officer) in Government service. He was a staunch Vaishnava, who lived an austere life in his cottage built in front of the main family house. He was respected by his family and his neighbours, but there was a large element of fear in that respect. For, with a venerable figure he had a quick temper that spared no one.He had seven sons and one daughter, J. B. Kripalani being the sixth among the children. The second and the third brother of Kripalani became converts to Islam. One died as an absconder during the Khilafat movement and was believed to have intrigued with Afganistan for the Invasion of India. The other died in Turkey while defending it against the Greeks before the First Great War. The eldest brother was the first Amil Hindu to open a Swadeshi shop and later a leather shop.The seventh brother put on the robe of a Sanyasi, with so much fire in it that Kripalani feared him (if he feared anybody). Kripalani's sister Kikiben devoted herself to the national causeThose were days of the Bengal partition when there was a ferment among students. Kripalani also caught the spirit and raised enough trouble for the authorities of the Wilson College to be forced to migrate to the quieter atmosphere of the D.J. Sind College at Karachi. Here too he got himself involved in trouble when the Principal of the College made an indiscreet remark about Indians being liars. Immediately there was a strike in which Kripalani and his fellow students got their first lesson in political agitation. From 1912 to 1917 he worked as a Professor of English and History at Muzaffarpur College in Bihar. For a short period, he taught at the Benares Hindu University (1919-20) and from 1920 to 1927 he served as the Principal of the Gujarat Vidyapeeth founded by Mahatma Gandhi. From 1927 he became fully engrossed in the Ashram work and in the political movements of the Indian National Congress. It was during his days at the Gujarat Vidyapeeth that he came to be called Acharya.Kripalani first came into contact with Gandhiji in 1917 during the Champaran Satyagraha and that proved to be a turning point in his life. Another turning point in his life was his marriage with Sucheta in 1936. It turned out to be the happiest partnership in life. For nearly four decades there has been the closest understanding between the husband and the wife. From the late twenties Kripalani devoted himself wholly to Congress work. He steadily built up his position in the organization, and from 1934 to 1945 he served as the General Secretary. Content with being a silent worker, during the Congress rift in 1938 over the election of Subhas Chandra Bose as President, Kripalani sided with Gandhi. He took part in all the Congress movements since 1921. During the Quit India movement in 1942 he was arrested and was released along with the other Congress leaders in 1945. He was elected President of the Indian National Congress in November 1946 and steered the organization through the critical days of the transfer of power. In November 1947 he presided over a very crucial meeting of the AICC where he differed sharply from many of his former colleagues. Kripalani insisted on retaining the supremacy of the organizational wing of the Congress over the parliamentary wing, which was resisted by Nehru, Patel and others who were now in the Government. To prevent disharmony and rift within the Congress Kripalani finally tendered his resignation as President, being succeeded by Dr. Rajendra Prasad. Though he remained a member of the Constituent Assembly, Kripalani gradually drifted away from his old comrades until he resigned from the Congress Party itself in 1951. He then started a weekly called the Vigil and a new political party known as the Krishak Mazdoor Praja Party which subsequently merged into the Praja Socialist Party. But in 1954 he resigned from the P.S.P. and became an independent for the rest of his parliamentary life. He helped the Janata Party to victory in 1977 and died soon thereafter, leaving a distinct mark on India's public life. He died on the19th of March 1982, at the age of 94.The country had lost one of its most worthy son and the void created due to his absence will be difficult to fulfill in.Let us pay our humble obeisance's to his lotus feet!

Bishwa Nath Singh:
Let us join to pay our floral tribute to Acharya J.B. Kripalani, (1888–1982)an Indian freedom fighter and politician who was very close to Mahatma Gandhi and during his President ship of All India Congress Party, India had attained independence from British Colonial Rule that had ruled our county for over many centau...ries. Though, he had at times political difference with his wife Sucheta Kripalani ( 1908 -1974) who had worked closely with Mahatma Gandhi during the partion riots and had accompanied him to Noakhali in 1946. and had distinction to be one of the few women who were elected to the Constituent Assembly and authored the Indian Constitution and had privilege on the15th August, 1947 of singing Vande Mataram in the Constituent Assembly and over & above had honor to be the first woman to be elected as the Chief Minister of U.P. of India but maintained the most cordial relation with her all the times. He was indeed a great man having towering personality with full of passion & wisdom.

(Photo of Achaya J.B.Kripalani)

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Bishwa Nath Singh :
Let us pay our humble obeisance's to the lotus feet of Acharya J.B.Kripalani who is no more with us but his memories of his supreme sacrifice will remain always alive in our heart!


Nov 22,2010

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