Bishwa Nath Singh
The traditions and philosophy of Sikhism were established by ten specific gurus from 1499 to 1708. Each Guru had added to and reinforced the message taught by the previous, resulting in the creation of the Sikh religion. Guru Nanak Dev was the first Guru of Sikhism and had duly nominated one of his disciple as his successor.
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Bishwa Nath Singh Guru Gobind Singh was the tenth and last Guru of Sikhism in human form. Before his death, Guru Gobind Singh decreed that the Gurū Granth Sāhib would be the final and perpetual Guru of the Sikhs.Sikhism has firm belief that the spirit of G...uru Nanak Dev was passed from one Guru to the next, just as the light of one lamp, which lights another and does not diminish as per Guru Granth Sahib.. Here is the chart showing at a glance the date of birth, the date of Guruship and the date of their ascension of all Guru of Sikhism
Sl.No Name Date of birth Guruship on Date of ascension Age
1 Nanak Dev
April 15,1469 August 20,1507 September22,1539 69
2 Angad Dev
March31, 1504 September 7,1539 March 29, 1552 48
3 Amar Das
May 5,1479 March 26, 1552 September 1,1574 95
4 Ram Das
September24,1534 September 1,1574 September 1, 1581 46
5 Arjan Dev
April 15,1563 September 1,1581 May 30, 1606 43
6 Har Gobind
June 19, 1595 May 25, 1606 February 28,1644 48
7 Har Rai
January 16,1630 March 3, 1644 October 6,1661 31
8 Har Krishan
July 7,1656 October 6, 1661 March 30,1664 7
9 Tegh Bahadur
April 1,1621 March 20, 1665 November11,1675 54
10 Gobind Singh
December22,1666 November11,1675 October 7,1708 41
11 Guru Granth Sahib
n/a 7 October 1708 n/a n/a
Guru Angad Dev had succeeded Guru Nanak. Dev Later, the most important phase in the development of Sikhism came with the third successor, Guru Amar Das. Guru Nanak's teachings emphasised the pursuit of salvation; Guru Amar Das began building a cohesive community of followers with initiatives such as sanctioning distinctive ceremonies for birth, marriage, and death. Amar Das also established the manji (comparable to a diocese) system of clerical supervision.Guru Amar Das's successor and son-in-law Guru Ram Das founded the city of Amritsar, which is home of the Harimandir Sahib and regarded widely as the holiest city for all Sikhs. When Guru Ram Das's youngest son Arjan succeeded him, the line of male gurus from the Sodhi Khatri family was established: all succeeding gurus were direct descendants of this line. Guru Arjan Dev was captured by Mughal authorities who were suspicious and hostile to the religious order he was developing His persecution and death inspired his successors to promote a military and political organization of Sikh communities to defend themselves against the attacks of Mughal forces.The Sikh Gurus had established a mechanism which allowed the Sikh religion to react as a community to changing circumstances. The sixth guru, Guru Hargobind, was responsible for the creation of the concept of Akal Takht (throne of the timeless one), which serves as the supreme decision-making centre of Sikhism and sits opposite the Darbar Sahib. The Sarbat Ḵẖālsā (a representative portion of the Khalsa Panth) historically gathers at the Akal Takht on special festivals such as Vaisakhi or Diwali and when there is a need to discuss matters that affect the entire Sikh nation. A gurmatā (literally, guru's intention) is an order passed by the Sarbat Ḵẖālsā in the presence of the Gurū Granth Sāhib. A gurmatā may only be passed on a subject that affects the fundamental principles of Sikh religion; it is binding upon all Sikhs. The term hukamnāmā (literally, edict or royal order) is often used interchangeably with the term gurmatā. However, a hukamnāmā formally refers to a hymn from the Gurū Granth Sāhib which is given as an order to Sikhs.Now, Sikhism has the holy Guru Granth Sahib as their eleventh Guru as per ordeal of the tenth Guru Gobind Singh from the 7th of October 1708 from the day of ascension of Guru Gobind Singh.
Anirudha Mohanta :
why not hindus too accept Gita as the final and perpetual Guru
Bishwa Nath Singh:
@Anirudha Ji,Kindly remain confined to the subject only.In Hinduism, it is not possible as, we have ved, upnishad, Bhagwatam, Ramayan written by many great saints and scholars besides Bhagwat Gita -that are ====================================================================