Tuesday, October 12, 2010

Aage to Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore as flashed by me on the f.b on October 11,2010.

Bishwanath Singh :
It is high time to rememeber and pay our homage to Gurudev who was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in the year 1913 and perhaps the only litterateur who had penned anthems of two countries - Jana Gana Mana, the Indian national anthem and Amar Shonar Bangla, the Bangladeshi national anthem.He was none else other than Rabindranath Tagore.Let us have a glimpse of his life!

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Bishwanath Singh In this Photo,Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore is seen with great scientist Einstein in 1930.Let us pay our humble obeisance's to their lotus feet!
Bishwanath Singh :
Ravindranath Tagore was born in the Jorasanko mansion in Calcutta ( ofcourse now Kolkata) of parents Debendranath Tagore (1817–1905) and Sarada Devi (1830–1875) on the 7th of May 1861 and was the youngest of their thirteen children. Tagore family patriarchs were the Brahmo founding fathers of the Adi Dharm faith. He wa...s mostly raised by servants, as his mother had died in his early childhood; his father travelled extensively. Tagore largely declined classroom schooling, preferring to roam the mansion or nearby idylls: Bolpur, Panihati, and others. Upon his upanayan initiation at age eleven, Tagore left Calcutta on the 14 of February 1873 to tour India with his father for several months. They visited his father's Santiniketan estate and stopped in Amritsar before reaching the Himalayan hill station of Dalhousie. There, young "Rabi" read biographies and was home-educated in history, astronomy, modern science, and Sanskrit, and examined the poetry of Kālidāsa. He completed major works in 1877, one a long poem of the Maithili style pioneered by Vidyapati. He wrote "Bhikharini" (1877; "The Beggar Woman"—the Bengali language's first short story) and Sandhya Sangit (1882)—including the famous poem "Nirjharer Swapnabhanga" ("The Rousing of the Waterfall").As a prospective barrister, Tagore enrolled at a public school in Brighton, East Sussex, England in 1878. He read law at University College London, but left school to explore Shakespeare and more: Religio Medici, Coriolanus, and Antony and Cleopatra; he returned degreeless to Bengal in 1880. On the 9th of December 1883 he married Mrinalini Devi (born Bhabatarini, 1873–1902); they had five children, two of whom died before reaching adulthood.[ In 1890, Tagore began managing his family's vast estates in Shilaidaha, a region now in Bangladesh; he was joined by his wife and children in 1898. In 1890, Tagore released his Manasi poems, among his best-known work.[ As "Zamindar Babu", Tagore criss-crossed the holdings while living out of the family's luxurious barge, the Padma, to collect mostly token rents and bless villagers, who held feasts in his honour. These years—1891–1895: Tagore's Sadhana period, after one of Tagore’s magazines were his most fecund. During this period, more than half the stories of the three-volume and eighty-four-story Galpaguchchha were written. With irony and gravity, they depicted a wide range of Bengali lifestyles, particularly village life. As author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse",he was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in the year 1913. His poetry in translation was viewed as spiritual, and this together with his mesmerizing persona gave him a prophet-like aura in the west but his "elegant prose and magical poetry" still remains largely unknown outside the confines of Bengal. Tagore was perhaps the only litterateur who penned anthems of two countries - Jana Gana Mana, the Indian national anthem and Amar Shonar Bangla, the Bangladeshi national anthem. In 1921, Tagore and agricultural economist Leonard Elmhirst set up the Institute for Rural Reconstruction, later renamed Shriniketan—"Abode of Peace"—in Surul, a village near the ashram at Santiniketan. Through it, Tagore bypassed Gandhi's symbolic Swaraj protests, which he despised. He sought aid from donors, officials, and scholars worldwide to "free village from the shackles of helplessness and ignorance" by "vitalising knowledge". In the early 1930s, he targeted India's "abnormal caste consciousness" and untouchability. Lecturing against these, he penned untouchable heroes for his poems and dramas and campaigned successfully to open Guruvayoor Temple to Dalits.He had very extensively toured round the wrld. Tagore's political thought was complex. He opposed imperialism and supported Indian nationalists. His views have their first poetic release in Manast, mostly composed in his twenties He was very fond of Theaters & paintings..He died on the 7th of August 1941 at Kolkata at the age of eighty years. Tagore's relevance can be viewed by festivals honouring him: Kabipranam, Tagore's birth anniversary; the annual Tagore Festival held in Urbana, Illinois, in the United States; Rabindra Path Parikrama walking pilgrimages from Calcutta to Shantiniketan; ceremonial recitals of Tagore's poetry held on important anniversaries; and others. His legacy is most palpable in Bengali culture, ranging from language and arts to history and politics.In true sense, he was a Poet, novelist, short-story writer, essayist, playwright, thespian, educationist, spiritualist, philosopher, internationalist, painter, cultural relativist, orator, composer, song-writer, singer & artist. Such great person is rarely born.He is still adored by over billions of people living far and wide for his valuable contribution towards welfare of our motherland.Let us pay our homage to Him and offer our humble obeisance’s to His lotus feet!

Bishwanath Singh:
Let us pay our humble obeisance's to Gurudev Maharshi Ravindranath Tagore who is though known mostly for his poetry but had authored novels, essays, short stories, travelogues, dramas, and thousands of song! His short stories are perhaps most highly regarded; indeed, he is credited with originating the Bengali-languag...e version of the commoner His works are frequently noted for their rhythmic, optimistic, and lyrical nature. Such stories mostly borrow from deceptively simple subject matter of common people!He was a versatile singer,artiest,painter, poet and writer besides being a perfect gentleman of pleasing nature.He had founded Shantiniketan now a very well-reputed national university besides being an awardee of Noble Prize in Literature in 1913 that shot him in fame all over the world.His wife had passed away over forty years ago of him.He was in true sense, a great man worth adoring.

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Bishwanath Singh: Gurudev is seen in this Photograph along with his spouse Mrinalini Devi in 1883.Let us pay our humble obeisance's to their lotus feet and seek their bliss for well-being of all living-being of this universe!
October 11,2010.


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