Bishwanath Singh :
Let us not forget the stalward who gave call for peaceful Total Revolution in 1970 in our country and whose biography was authored by his nationalist friend and eminent Hindi Scholar Ram Briksha Benipuri besides being posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1998 the country’s highest civilian award, in recognition o...f his social work and being receipient of other awards that include the Magsaysay award for Public Service in 1965!That stalward was non else than Jay Prakash Narayan very affectionately called JP.Let us go through his life history in brief and pay our respectful homage to him!
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Bishwanath Singh It's a file picture of 1970s of a socialist who united the youth under the banner of 'total revolution', Jay Prakash Narayan or socially JP, gets clicked after recovering from a brief illness, in a hospital, in New Delhi. Let us pay our floral tribute to this great personality who lived & died for welfare of our motherland!
Jaya Prakash Narayan was born in Sitabadiara village in Chhapra District of Bihar on the 11th of October 1902. When he was a child, he had many pets. One day, his pigeon died and he did not eat food till two days. His father Harsudayal was a junior official in the canal department of the State government and was often ...touring the region. Jayaprakash, called Baul affectionately, was left with his grandmother to study in Sitabdiara. There was no high school in the village, so Jayaprakash was sent to Patna to study in the Collegiate School. He excelled in school. His essay, "The present state of Hindi in Bihar", won a best essay award. He entered the Patna College on a Government scholarship.Jayaprakash Narayan joined Bihar Vidyapeeth founded by Dr. Rajendra Prasad for motivating young meritorious youths and was amongt the first students of eminent Gandhian Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha a close colleague of M. K. Gandhi who later became first Finance Minister of Bihar. In October, 1920 Jayaprakash married Prabhavati Devi, a independence activist in her own right and a staunch disciple of Kasturba Gandhi. Prabhavati was the daughter of lawyer and nationalist Brij Kishore Prasad, one of the first Gandhians in Bihar and one who played a major role in Gandhi's campaign in Champaran. She often held opinions which were not in agreement with JP's views, but Narayan respected her independence. On Gandhiji's invitation, she stayed at his Sabarmati Ashram while Jayaprakash continued his studies.In 1922, Narayan went to the United States, where he worked to support his studies in political science, sociology and economics at the University of California, Berkeley, University of Iowa, University of Wisconsin–Madison and Ohio State University.He adopted Marxism while studying at the University of Wisconsin–Madison under sociologist Edward A. Ross; he was also deeply influenced by the writings of M. N. Roy. Financial constraints. His mother's health forced him to abandon his wish of earning a PhD. He became acquainted with R.P. Dutt and other revolutionaries in London on his way back to India.After returning to India, Narayan joined the Indian National Congress on the invitation of Jawaharlal Nehru in 1929; M. K. Gandhi became his mentor in the Congress. During the Indian independence movement he was arrested, jailed, and tortured several times by the British. He won particular fame during the Quit India movement.After being jailed in 1932 for civil disobedience against British rule, Narayan was imprisoned in Nasik Jail, where he met Ram Manohar Lohia, Minoo Masani, Achyut Patwardhan, Ashok Mehta, Yusuf Desai and other national leaders. After his release, the Congress Socialist Party, or (CSP), a left-wing group within the Congress, was formed with Acharya Narendra Deva as President and Narayan as General secretary.During the Quit India Movement of 1942, when senior Congress leaders were arrested in the early stages, JP, Lohia and Bsawan Sinha were at the forefront of the agitations. Leaders such as Jayaprakash Narayan and Aruna Asaf Ali were described as "the political children of Gandhi but as per recent students of Karl Marx.,he was also described as a great advocate of co.relation. Initially a defender of physical force, Narayan was won over to Gandhi's position on nonviolence and advocated the use of satyagrahas to achieve the ideals of democratic socialism. Furthermore, he became deeply disillusioned with the practical experience of socialism in Nehru's India.After independence and the death of Mahatma Gandhi, Narayan,Acharya Narendra Dev & Baswan Siha led the CSP out of Congress to become the opposition Socialist Party, which later took the name Praja Socialist Party. Basawon Sinha became the first leader of the opposition in the state and assembly of Bihar and Acharya Narendra Deva became the first leader of opposition in the state and assembly of U.P. His party is the first national party who distributed tickets on caste line.On April 19, 1954, Narayan announced in Gaya that he was dedicating his life (Jeevandan) to Vinoba Bhave's Sarvodaya movement and its Bhoodan campaign, which promoted distributing land to Harijans (untouchables). He gave up his land, set up an ashram in Hazaribagh, and worked towards uplifting the village.In 1957, Narayan formally broke with the Praja Socialist Party in order to pursue lokniti [Polity of the people], as opposed to rajniti [Polity of the state]. By this time, Narayan had become convinced that lokniti should be non-partisan in order to build a consensus-based, classless, participatory democracy which he termed Sarvodaya. Narayan became an important figure in the India-wide network of Gandhian Sarvodaya workers.Narayan returned to prominence in State politics in the late 1960s. In 1974, he led the student's movement in the state of Bihar which gradually developed into a popular people's movement known as the Bihar movement. It was during this movement that JP gave a call for peaceful Total Revolution Together with V. M. Tarkunde, he founded the Citizens for Democracy in 1974 and the People's Union for Civil Liberties in 1976, both NGOs, to uphold and defend civil liberties.When Indira Gandhi was alleged to have found guilty of violating electoral laws by the Allahabad High Court, Narayan called for Indira to resign, and advocated a program of social transformation which he termed Sampoorna kraanti [Total Revolution]. Instead she proclaimed a national Emergency on the midnight of June 25, 1975, immediately after Narayan had called for the PM's resignation and had asked the military and the police to disregard unconstitutional and immoral orders; JP, opposition leaders, and dissenting members of her own party (the 'Young Turks') were arrested on that day.Jayaprakash Narayan attracted a gathering of 100,000 people at the Ramlila Grounds and thunderously recited Rashtrakavi Ramdhari Singh 'Dinkar''s wonderfully evocative poetry: Singhasan Khaali Karo Ke Janata Aaati Hai. Narayan was kept as detenu at Chandigarh even after he had asked for a month's parole for mobilising relief in areas of Bihar gravely affected by flood. His health suddenly deteriorated on October 24,1975 and he was released on November 12,1975.His diagnosis at Jaslok Hospital, Bombay, revealed kidney failure and was adviced to remain on dialysis for the rest of his life.After Indira revoked the emergency on January 18, 1977 and announced elections, it was under JP's guidance that the Janata Party (a vehicle for the broad spectrum of the anti-Indira Gandhi opposition) was formed. The Janata Party was voted into power, and became the first non-Congress party to form a government at the Centre. On the call of Narayan many youngesters joined the J P movement. In 1998, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in recognition of his social work. Other awards inc In 1998, he was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in recognition of his social work. Other awards include the Magsaysay award for Public Service in 1965. lude the Magsaysay award for Public Service in 1965.He died in October 8,1979 at Patna and was later cremated there at Bans Ghat as per Hindu rituals the next day where over thousands of mourners attended his funeral with very heavy heart and over billions wept for Him!
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Bishwanath Singh In this picture, JP is seen calling for Sampurna Kranti - total revolution - at a historic rally of students at Patna's Gandhi Maidan on the 5th of June, 1975.Let us pay our respectful homage to Him!
Bishwanath Singh :
Let us pay our respectful homage to Jay Prakash Narayan who was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award, in recognition of his social work in 1998 and recepient of other most prestigious awards including the Magsaysay award for Public Service in 1965 though known as king maker at one time... but did not hold any post of profit during his entire life!
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Bishwanath Singh :
In this picture,Dr.Ram Manohar Lohia and Jay Prakash Narayan (centre) along with other leaders are seen participating in a Socialist Party procession in New Delhi on June 04, 1951.Let us pay our humble obeisance's to their lotus feet!