Bishwanath Singh :
Are we aware that there was a Prime Minister of our country who was known widely for his simplicity as he use to write Post Cards himself while being in that high office? If not, let us know about him!He was none else than Morarji Ranchhodji Desai wh0 was one of the prominent Indian independence activist and the Prime... Minister of India from 1977–79 being the first Indian Prime Minister who did not belong to the Indian National Congress who was Preceded by Indira Gandhi and Succeeded by Choudhary Charan Singh.
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.Nandita Thakur -Bishwanathji, woh jamana kuch aur hi tha...aaj ke neta likhwayenge 100 card aur paise le lenge 1000 ke...
Bishwanath Singh :I appreciate it.
Bishwanath Singh ::
Morarji Ranchhodji Desai was one of the prominent Indian independence activist and the Prime Minister of India from 1977–79. He was the first Indian Prime Minister who did not belong to the Indian National Congress. He is the only Indian to receive the highest civilian awards from both India and Pakistan, the Bharat Ra...tna and Nishaan-e-Pakistan. Morarji Desai was born on the 29th of February 1896 into an Anavil Brahmin family in Bhadeli, Valsad in Bombay Presidency (now in Gujarat). After graduating from Wilson College, Mumbai, he joined the civil service in Gujarat. Later, he left the service of the British in 1924 and joined the civil disobedience movement against British rule in India in 1930. He spent many years in jail during the freedom struggle and owing to his sharp leadership skills and tough spirit, he became a favorite amongst freedom-fighters and an important leader of the Indian National Congress in Gujarat. When provincial elections were held in 1934 and 1937, Desai was elected and served as the Revenue Minister and Home Minister of the Bombay Presidency. Before the independence of India, he became Bombay's Home Minister and later was elected as Chief Minister of Bombay State in 1952. The state was home to Marathi linguistic movements, with calls for the creation of a separate linguistic state. Considered as a tough leader, Desai was also known for pioneering beliefs and enforcing strict discipline and authority and thus possessed a radical mindset. By Desai's orders in 1960, a demonstration by the Samyukta Maharashtra Samiti was fired upon by the police resulting in the deaths of one hundred five demonstrators. Those demonstrators who were killed in the incident leading to public outrage that shook the central government. The incident led to the formation of the present State of Maharashtra. As Home Minister, Desai outlawed any portrayals of indecency (which included "kissing" scenes) in films and theatrical productions. Although a staunch Gandhian, Desai was socially conservative, pro-business, and in favor of free enterprise reforms, as opposed to Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru's socialistic policies.Rising in Congress leadership, Desai was at odds with Prime Minister Nehru and his allies, and with Nehru's age and health failing, he was considered as a possible contender for the position of Prime Minister. Outflanked in the leadership contest after Nehru's death in 1964 by the Nehruvian Lal Bahadur Shastri, Desai remained content to build support within the ranks.After Shastri's death in 1966, he contested for Prime Minister and fought a closely-contested election with Indira Gandhi. Desai obtained 169 votes but lost to Indira Gandhi who garnered 351. Morarji Desai led a fractious coalition government and became Prime Minister of India on the 24 th March 1977and thus failed to achieve much owing to continuous in-wrangling and much controversy. With no party in leadership of the coalition, rival groups vied to unseat Desai. Controversial trials of prominent Congress leaders, including Indira Gandhi over Emergency-era abuses worsened the fortunes of his administration. Desai worked to improve relations with neighbour and arch-rival Pakistan and restored normal relations with China, for the first time since the 1962 war. He communicated with Zia-ul-Haq and established friendly relations and diplomatic relations were also re-established with China. His government undid many amendments made to the constitution during emergency and made it difficult for any future government to impose national emergency.Since India's first nuclear test in 1974, Desai kept India's nuclear reactors stating that they will never be used for atomic bombs, and he will see to it if he can help it. In 1977, the Carter administration sold India, heavy water and uranium for its nuclear reactors but required American on-site inspection of nuclear materials. Desai declined, seeing the American stance as contradictory, in light of its own nuclear arsenal. In 1979, Raj Narain and Charan Singh pulled out of the Janata Party, forcing Desai to resign from office on the 28th July 1979 and retire from politics at the age of 83. Desai campaigned for Janata Party in 1980 General Election as a senior politician but did not contest the election himself. Morarji Desai was a true Gandhian , a prominent social worker, institution builder and a great reformer. He was the Chancellor of Gujarat Vidyapith the university established by Mahatma Gandhi. Even during his term as the Prime Minister he used to visit and stay at Vidyapith during the month of October. He exemplified simplicity and used to write post cards himself even when he held the office of Prime Minister.. During his rule, he withdrew intervention in Public Distribution System and rationing shops were literally lost due to cheap sugar and oil available in the market.During retirement, he lived in Bombay, and died at the age of 99 on the 10th of April 1995 .He had been honored much during his last years as a very well reputed freedom-fighter of his generation. Morarji Desai was a true Gandhian follower, social worker, institution builder and a great reformer. He was an ideal example of simplicity and used to write post cards himself even when he held the office of Prime Minister. Let us pay our homage to Him whose memories will be cherished by all of us for long!
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