Wednesday, October 6, 2010

A homage to Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant the first Chief Minister of U.P& later served the Nation as Union Home Minister and a recepient of our country’s the highest Civilian Award Bharat Ratna in 1957 as flashed by me on the f.b on October 6,2010.

Bishwanath Singh :
How many of us remember one of the greatest son of our motherland who was the most successful by being the first Chief Minister of U.P& later served the Nation as Union Home Minister and a recepient of our country’s the highest Civilian Award Bharat Ratna!Let us have glimpse of his life!He was none else than Pandit G...ovind Ballabh Pant who was a statesman of India, an Indian independence activist, and one of the foremost political leaders from Uttarakhand (then in United Provinces) and of the movement to establish Hindi as the national language of our country.Let us pay our homage to him!

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Bishwanath Singh:
 Let us join to pay our floral tribute and respectful homage to Him!A person of his stature seldom comes to this worldly earth.
Bishwanath Singh :
Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant was born on September 10, 1887 in Khoont village of Shyahi Devi hills in District Almora. His mother's name was Govindi. His father, Manorath Pant, was constantly on the road. Govind was brought up by his grandfather, Bandri Dutt Joshi, who played a significant part in molding his political ...views. As a lawyer in Kashipur, Pant began his active work against the British Raj in 1914, when he helped a local parishad, or village council, in their successful challenge of a law requiring locals to provide free transportation of the luggage of travelling British officials. In 1921, he entered politics and was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh.In 1930, he was arrested and imprisoned for several weeks for organizing a Salt March inspired by Gandhi's earlier actions. In 1933, he was arrested and imprisoned for seven months for attending a session of the then-banned provincial Congress. In 1935, the ban was rescinded, and Pant joined the new Legislative Council. During the Second World War, Pant acted as the tiebreaker between Gandhi's faction, which advocated supporting the British Crown in their war effort, and Subash Chandra Bose's faction, which advocated taking advantage of the situation to expel the British Raj by any meansthat was deemed fit.In 1934, the Congress ended its boycott of the legislatures and put up candidates, and Pant was elected to the Central Legislative Assembly. His political skills won the admiration of the leaders of the Congress, and he became deputy leader of the Congress party in the Assembly. In 1940, Pant was arrested and imprisoned for helping organize the Satyagraha movement. In 1942 he was arrested again, this time for signing the Quit India resolution, and spent three years in Ahmednagar Fort along with other members of the Congress working committee until March 1945, at which point Jawaharlal Nehru pleaded successfully for Pant's release, on grounds of failing health. In 1937, provincial elections were held as a result of the Government of India Act 1935. The Indian National Congress secured a majority in the United Provinces, but did not immediately take office because of a dispute over the use of the Governor's special powers. Therefore, on April 1, 1937, the Nawab of Chhatari, the leader of NAPs (National Agriculturist Parties), was invited to form a minority Government. Within short span of few months, the Congress accepted to form the government under Pant who was made the Chief Minister on July 17, 1937 and was in power till 1939 when all Congress ministries in India resigned. As the Chief Minister Pant had won admiration of Indian Civil Servants of the United Provinces, and as a result the then Governor of U.P had written very rightly to the Viceroy that Pant was an interesting and rather attractive personality essentially a conciliator and not a dictator. However, in 1939 the Viceroy's declaration of war, without consultation, led to a clash with the Indian National Congress, and its Provincial ministers resigned. In 1945, the new British Labour government ordered new elections to the Provincial legislatures. The Congress won a majority in the 1946 elections in the United Provinces and Pant was again made the Chief Minister, continuing even after India's independence in 1947. Among his achievements in that position was the abolition of the zamindari system.In 1955 he was called on to succeed Kailash Nath Katju as Home Minister of Union Govt. of India in that position, his principal achievement was the establishment of Hindi as an official language of the central government and a few states.In 1960, he had a heart attack. Pant was awarded with the highest civilian award of ‘Bharat Ratna” in the year 1957 by our grateful country on his successful career as the Chief Minister of United Province(now Uttar Pradesh & Uttrakhand from the 17 Jul 1937 – 27 Dec 1954) & later on as the Union Home Minister. After this his health started deteriorating and he later died on March 7, 1961 after spending several days in a coma. He had left behind his son , Krishna Chandra Pant to carry on his political legacy and over several thousand of people to mourn his passing away.

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Bishwanath Singh: Pandit Pant is seen in this Photograph along with Chakravarti Rajagopalachari , Maulana Azad,Jina & other stalwarts o.f our pre-independence era coming out from a conference held in Shimla.

.Anirudha Mohanta: great soul Pantji
Bishwanath Singh :
One can have a look up to this Photograph appended below in which Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru, the then Prime Minister of India is seen admiring Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant while Pant was decorated with the highest civilian award of our country 'Bharat Ratna".Dr. S. Radha Krishnan,the former President of India could als...o be seen relishing that precious moment.

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Bishwanath Singh :
Our humble obeisance's to the lotus feet of all three great gems of the world appearing in this Photograph who were architect of building modern India and happy abode to live in this world by virtue of their being skill of statesmanship!
October 6,2010.

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