Bishwa Nath Singh
The eighth Guru of Sikhism Guru Har Krishan Ji is called the Bal Guru( meaning Child Guru) because he was only five years of age when he was appointed as the Guru by his father, Guru Har Rai because of his passion, wisdom and great devotion to mankind as whole During his reign of about three years as the Guru, he proved to be the symbol of service, purity and truth and that he carried out till his last.
(Photo of Guru Har Rai-the eighth Guru of Sikhism)
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Bishwa Nath Singh :
Let us remember and pay our humble obeisance of the lotus feet of Guru Har Krishan Ji (whose picture is displayed above) was the eighth Guru of the Sikhs! He is called the Bal (child) Guru. He became Guru at the age of five. He was born on ...July 7, 1656 at Kiratpur Sahib to Mata Kishan Kaur. He was youngest son of Guru Har Rai Ji. His elder brother Ram Rai was ignored for Guruship. Guru Har Krishan Ji is called the Bal Guru, child guru, because he was only five years of age when he was appointed as the guru by his father, Guru Har Rai.During his reign of about three years as the Guru, he proved to be the symbol of service, purity and truth. In other words he displayed all the qualities of a spiritual guide.He offered supreme sacrifice of his body at the altar of God to relieve everyone from distress and pain.Guru Har Krishan ji was born in Kiratpur Sahib, Rupnagar, Punjab, India to Guru Har Rai and Kishan Kaur (Mata Sulakhni).Before his death in October 1661, Guru Har Rai designated his younger son Har Krishan as the next Guru. Har Rai chose Har Krishan, rather than his elder son Ram Rai, because Ram Rai was in collusion with the Mughal Empire. Har Krishan was only five years old when he succeeded his father as Guru.Ram Rai complained to the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb in Delhi that he had been passed over because of his loyalty to the emperor. He also claimed that he had not received his due share of his father's property. Ram Rai knew that before his death Har Rai had publicly instructed Har Krishan never to meet Aurengzeb. Ram Rai hoped if Har Krishan met the emperor, it would be against his father's wishes and the Sikhs would be displeased with their Guru. On the other hand, if Aurangzeb summoned Har Krishan to Delhi, and he refused to go, then Aurangzeb would send troops to compel him. Aurangzeb favored Ram Rai, and summoned Har Krishan to Delhi. The Sikhs were very apprehensive about young Har Krishan travelling to Delhi and appearing at court. To calm these worries, Aurangzeb sent Mirza Raja Jai Singh I to escort the Guru to Delhi. Mirza Raja Jai Singh I was a high court official and a Rajput ruler known for his devotion to the Sikh GurusRaja Jai Singh assured Har Krishan that he would not have to meet the emperor personally while in Delhi. He also said there were many devout Sikhs in Delhi who were anxious to see and hear their Guru. Har Krishan convinced the Sikhs at Kiratpur Sahib that he should go to Delhi. Har Krishan, his mother, and a group of devotees set out for the long journey to Delhi. On the journey, Har Krishan was met by large crowds of devotees. Guru Har Krishan Ji went to Delhi and stayed at the mansion of Raja Jai Singh (now known as Gurdwara Bangla Sahib). He started imparting Sikh instructions at Delhi which was in the grip of smallpox epidemics in those days. Once, Lal Chand an ego-stricken Brahmin of Panjokhra, in order to test the intellect of the Guru, asked him to translate meanings of a passage from Gita. It is said that the Guru blessed a passing by illiterate and dumb Chhaju Gunga to expound the meanings, which he exposed with extraordinary wisdom. Guru Har Krishan Ji remained on the throne of Guru Nanak Dev for two and half years. He left for heavenly abode at Delhi with small-pox at the age of eight on March 30,1664. Gurdwara Bangla Sahib was erected at the site where the Guru stayed during his visit to Delhi. He was cremated on the bank of river Yamuna. Gurdwara Bala Sahib was constructed there in memory of the Guru. It is believed that just by looking at the Guru all the pain would vanish. His Darshana healed the sick and the miserable. On the last day, as per practice, the Guru wanted to appoint his successor. By pointing out for his successor, he said ‘Baba Bakale.’ This meant that his successor Tegh Bahadur was at Baba Bakale. Gurdwara Bangla Sahib was erected at the site where the Guru stayed during his visit to Delhi. He was cremated on the bank of river Yamuna. Gurdwara Bala Sahib was constructed there in memory of the Guru. It is believed that just by looking at the Guru all the pain would vanish. His Darshana healed the sick and the miserable. He was followed by the ninth Guru of Skhism Guru Teg Bahadur. Let us join to pay our humble obeisance to His lotus feet and seek His bliss for well-being of all living-being of this universe!
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Charanjeet Singh Lamba :
SIMPLY BEAUTIFUL DEPICTIONS`
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