Bishwa Nath Singh :
या कुन्देन्दु तुषार हार धवला या शुभ्रवस्त्रावृता ! या वीणा वरदँड मँडित करा या श्वेतपद्मासना !!
yaa kundendu tushhaar haara dhavalaa yaa shubhravastraavritaa; ya vinaavaradanda manditakaraa yaa shvetapadmaasanaa .
(Photo of Goddess Saraswati who is Goddess of Learning and Knowledge )
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Bishwa Nath Singh :
It is the prayer that is being offered to Goddess Saraswati who is the Goddess of Learning and Knowledge.iIt translates into English as follows :Salutations to the supreme Goddess Saraswati who is the Goddess of Learning and Wisdom whose face is fair as a jasmine flower, luminescent like the moon and delicate as a snow flake; who is dressed in brilliant white (Swakatchh) garments (Vastra-). She holds the musical instrument ( Vina-) in her hands to bestow boons (Varadan-) to her disciples as she sits on her white (Shveta-) lotus (Padma-) throne (Aasan). Goddess Saraswati is universally recognized in Hinduism as the Goddess of learning and knowledge. Students in any and all fields of learning pray to Saraswati for sucess in completion of their studies. Saraswati is the companion of Lord Brahma (the creator). She represents speech (Vach), the mechanism or divine energy with which Brahma created the universe. The importance of Goddess Saraswati (saras = fluid, wati = easily, i.e. easily flowing energy) is her ability to bring into manifestation the concept of Creation thought by Brahma in his thoughts. The words (or Vach) spoken by Brahma to create the universe is indeed Sarswati! Saraswati is a serenely smiling figure clad in white. One hand holds a book, the symbol of learning while another bears the veena, a stringed instrument. Her third and fourth hands hold a rosary of pearls and a water pot, used in rites of worship. In another popular depiction, Saraswati sits on a lotus, playing the veena. Her divine vehicle is a white swan that matches her untainted beauty Saraswati is the companion of Lord Brahma (the creator). Her origin though, is as a river goddess; the Vedas speak of her association with the river Saraswati. Later, she began to be known as Vagdevi, the goddess of speech. Gradually, her influence extended to include music, poetry, the creative arts and all manner of intellectual activity. She is the repository of wisdom, the originator of the Vedas and the inventor of Devanagri, the script used to write Sanskrit and several other Indian languages. Saraswati is worshipped to pay allegiance to the Goddess of learning. Early myths describe Saraswati as one of Vishnu’s consorts, besides Lakshmi and Ganga (in later mythology, she became the wife of Brahma the Creator). Legend says Saraswati was extremely jealous of Vishnu’s other wives. After a particularly vicious quarrel, Ganga cursed Saraswati to flow as a river in the dark crevices of earth. Saraswati retaliated, cursing Ganga to become a river in which men would forever wash their sins. Goddess Saraswati is worshipped three days in Navratri.Let us join tp pay our respectful obeisance to Her lotus feet and seek Her bliss for well-being of all living-being of this universe!.