Bishwa Nath Singh
Guru Har Gobind Ji who was the sixth Guru Of Sikhism was born on Saturday the 5th of July 1595 . He became Guru on the 11 th of June 1606 following in the footsteps of his father Guru Arjan Dev ji. He was the only son of Ganga and Guru Arjan Dev who had grown up in Amritsar and remembered for Akal Takht and many heroic roles besides spreading Sikhism far and wide during his tenure.
(Photo of Guru Har Gobind Ji-the sixth Guru of Sikhism)
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Bishwa Nath Singh :
Guru Arjan Dev Ji, father of Guru Har Gobind Ji had refused an offer of marriage for his son Har Govind Ji to the daughter of Chandu, a Mogul noble. At about age ten, Har Govind had wedded Damodari, the daughter of Narain Das of Dalla ...who is the grandson of Pero. Damodari's sister Ramo was the wife of Sain Das.He was betrothed to Nankee, daughter of Hari Chand, both Sikhs. While,he was eleven years old, his father became the first Sikh martyr following an act of revenge set in motion by Chandu. Har Govind succeeded his father as sixth guru. Guru Har Govind wed his betrothed Nankee, and later wed Maha Devi, the daughter of Dwara of Mandali. He fathered five sons and a daughter. While the ceremonial rites were being performed by Baba Buddha ji, Guru Hargobind ji asked Baba Buddha to adorn him with a sword rather than the Seli of Nanak which had been used previously by the earlier Gurus. Guru Har Gobind then put on not one but two swords; one on his left side and the other on his right. He declared that the two swords signified "Miri" and "Piri", Temporal Power and Spiritual Power, one which would smite the oppressor and the other which would protect the innocent. He told his followers: "In the guru's house spiritual and mundane powers shall be combined". "My rosary shall be the sword-belt and on my turban I shall wear a Kalgi" (an ornament for the turban, which was then worn by Mughal and Hindu rulers). Guru Harg Gobind carried the same light of Guru Nanak; but he added to it the lustre of the sword. Guru Har Gobind sahib ji was also the inventor of the Taus. Guru ji watched a peacock singing one day, and wished to make a instrument to mimic the same sound as the peacock, thus came the Taus. In defiance of Mogul authority, Har Govind adorned his turban with a Kalgi, a symbol of royalty. Guru Har Gobind was instrumental in getting constructed the Akal Takht (God's throne) in front of Harmandir in 1606 during his tenure. There he used to on a raised platform of twelve feet, attired in princely clothes. The Harmandir Sahib was the seat of his spiritual authority and the Akal Takht was the seat of his temporal (worldly) authority. This marked the beginning of Sikh militarisation. To the symbols of sainthood were added marks of sovereignty, including the umbrella and the Kalgi. Guru Har Gobind administered justice like a King and awarded honours and meted punishment, as well. The Akal Takht was the first Takht in the history of the Sikhs. According to Cunningham: "The genial disposition of the martial apostle led him to rejoice in the companionship of a camp, in the dangers of war, and in the excitements of the chase". To assert his position and establish the Sikhs as a sovereign nation, Har Govind had a throne erected in front of the Golden Temple in Amritsar. This seat of authority is known today as the Akal Takhat.At the behest of Chandu, Guru Har Govind was imprisoned in Fort Gwalior. After about two years, he negotiated his release and that of other captive princes, who were political prisoners detained in the fort during his imprisonment. He arranged to be able to walk out with whoever could grasp the hem of his robe.The infuriated and wicked by nature,Chandu vengefully continued to cause trouble for Guru Har Govind and his Sikhs subjecting them to years of harassment. The Guru engaged in a number of battles with the Moguls. Eventually he gained the confidence of the Mogul emperor, Jahangir, who delivered Chandu and his land to the Sikhs. Guru Har Govind founded Kiratpur on the forfeit land. In retaliation, Chandu's son, Karam Chand instigated an attack followed by several other battles. Eventually the Guru vanquished his enemies and lived out his remaining years in peace. He did not neglect preaching and spreading the Sikh religion. He sent his Sikhs to far of places such as Bengal and Bihar to preach Sikhism. Guru Har Gobind allowed Udasis to preach Sikhism but did not admit them to Sikhism. Bhai Gurdas mentions in his memoir the names of Nawal and Nihala, two sabharwal khatris, who established their business in Bihar. A lot of local people adopted Sikhism under their influence. In his private life Guru Har Gobind never abandoned the true character of Guru Nanak, whose successor he was and whose teachings he had to spread in this world. He named his grandson, Har Rai, to succeed him as guru. He had died on Tuesday, the 19 of th of March 1644. Let us join to pay our humble obeisance to the lotus feet of the Sixth Guru of Sikhism Guru Har Gobing Ji and seek His bliss for well-being of all living-being of this universe!
Guru Har Govind ji ko naman.
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