Sunday, October 10, 2010

A homage to Subhas Chandra Bose as flashed by me on the f.b on October 10,2010.

Bishwanath Singh :
Can we recall as who was that great nationalist who had given call to all Indians in pre-independence era to give him blood and he will give you freedom?He was none else than Subhas Chandra Bose.Let us have a glimpse of him!

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Bishwanath Singh :
Subhas Chandra Bose is being seen in this Photo in Army dress.Let us pay our humble obeisance's to His lotus feet!

.Ghulam Kundanam Sure! उनके सपनों को संच करके।

.Bishwanath Singh:
Subhas Chandra Bose was born in a Bengali Kayasth family on January 23, 1897 in Cuttack (Odiya Baazar), Orissa, the ninth child among fourteen of Janakinath Bose, an advocate, and Prabhavati Devi. Bose studied in an Anglo school at Cuttack until standard Six which is now known as Stewart School and then shifted to Rave...nshaw Collegiate School of Cuttack. From there he went to the prestigious Presidency College, Kolkata where he studied briefly. His nationalistic temperament came to light when he was expelled for assaulting Professor Oaten for his anti-India comments . A brilliant student, Bose later topped the matriculation examination of Calcutta province in 1911 and passed his B.A. in 1918 in Philosophy from the Scottish Church College of the University of Calcutta (after being expelled from the Presidency College, Calcutta for his assault on Prof Oaten for the latter's anti-India statements.) Bose went to study in Fitzwilliam Hall of the University of Cambridge, and his high score in the Civil Service examinations meant an almost automatic appointment. He then took his first conscious step as a revolutionary and resigned the appointment on the plea that the best way to end a government is to withdraw from it. At the time, Indian nationalists were shocked and outraged because of the Amritsar massacre and the repressive Rowlatt legislation of 1919. Returning to India, Bose wrote for the newspaper Swaraj and took charge of publicity for the Bengal Provincial Congress Committee. His mentor was Chittaranjan Das, spokesman for aggressive nationalism in Bengal. Bose worked for Das when the latter was elected mayor of Calcutta in 1924. In a roundup of nationalists in 1925, Bose was arrested and sent to prison in Mandalay, where he contracted tuberculosisBose advocated complete independence for India at the earliest, whereas the All-India Congress Committee wanted it in phases, through Dominion status and finally at the historic Lahore Congress convention, the Congress adopted Purna Swaraj (complete independence) as its motto. Bhagat Singh's martyrdom and the inability of the Congress leaders to save his life infuriated Bose and he started a movement opposing the Gandhi-Irwin Pact. He was imprisoned and expelled from India. But defying the ban, he came back to India and was imprisoned again.Bose was elected president of the Indian National Congress for two consecutive terms, but had to resign from the post following ideological conflicts with Mohandas K. Gandhi and after openly attacking the Congress' foreign and internal policies. Bose believed that Gandhi's tactics of non-violence would never be sufficient to secure India's independence, and advocated violent resistance. He established a separate political party, the All India Forward Bloc and continued to call for the full and immediate independence of India from British rule. He was imprisoned by the British authorities eleven times. His famous motto was "Give me blood and I will give you freedom".His stance did not change with the outbreak of the Second World War, which he saw as an opportunity to take advantage of British weakness. At the outset of the war, he left India, travelling to the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan, seeking an alliance with each of them to attack the British government in India. With Imperial Japanese assistance, he re-organised and later led the Azad Hind Fauj ( Indian National Army)The formed with Indian prisoners-of-war and plantation workers from British Malaya, Singapore, and other parts of Southeast Asia, against British forces. With Japanese monetary, political, diplomatic and military assistance, he formed the Azad Hind Government in exile, regrouped and led the INA in failed military campaigns against the allies at Imphal and in Burma.His political views and the alliances he made with Nazi and other militarist regimes at war with Britain have been the cause of arguments among historians and politicians, with some accusing him of fascist sympathies, while others in India have been more sympathetic towards the inculcation of realpolitik as a manifesto that guided his social and political choices.He is presumed to have died on the 18 th of August 1945 in a plane crash in Taiwan. However, contradictory evidence is believed to have come out regarding his death in the accident.
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Bishwanath Singh:
 In this Photo, Mahtama Gandhi is being seen at the Indian National Congress Annual Meeting in 1938 conferring with Subhas Chandra Bose when the latter was the President of All India Congress Party.Let us pay our respectful homage to both of them!
Bishwanath Singh :
Subhas Chandra Bose was a true nationalist.In a speech broadcast by the Azad Hind Radio from Singapore on July 6, 1944, Bose addressed Mahatma Gandhi as the "Father of the Nation". This was the first time that Mahatma Gandhi was referred to by this appellation.His other famous quote was, "Chalo Delhi", meaning "On to D...elhi!" This was the call he used to give the INA armies to motivate them. "Jai Hind", or, "Glory to India!" was another slogan used by him and later adopted by the Government of India and the Indian Armed Forces.Let us pay our humble obeisance's to His lotus feet and carry out His legacy truthfully for welfare of our motherland!

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Bishwanath Singh :
It is the Photo of Greater East Asia Conference held in November 1943, Participants left to right are seen namely Ba Maw, Zhang Jinghui, Wang Jingwei, Hideki Tojo, Wan Waithayakon, José P. Laurel, Subhas Chandra Bose

.Anirudha Mohanta IAI HIND

.Ghulam Kundanam उनके सपनों का देश अभी बनाना बाकी है, "आजाद हिंद देश" (PK+IN+BD).
October 10,2010.

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