Sunday, October 3, 2010

The life history of Abul Kalam Azad ,th first Education Minister of Independent India as flashed by me on the f.b. on October 3,2010.

Bishwanath Singh

Bishwanath Singh:
Let us meet our first Union Education Minster of Independent India Dr. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad,a secular leader in true sense who believed in all round development of India and was dead against the partition of India and recepient of India's highest Civilian Award "Bharat Ratna". posthumously in 1992!It would be better, if we have glimpse of his life.


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Bishwanath Singh: Our humble obeisance's to His lotus feet!
Bishwanath Singh :
Maulana Abul Kalam Muhiyuddin Ahmed was born on the 11th November 1888 at Mecca His mother was of Arab descent, the daughter of Shaikh Muhammad Zahir Watri, and his father, Maulana Khairuddin was, then living in Bengal, was from Herat. The family lived in the Bengal region until Maulana Khairuddin left India during t...he Indian rebellion of 1857 and settled in Mecca, the holiest city in Islam, where he met his wife. Azad mastered several languages, including Urdu, Arabic, Hindko, Persian, and Hindi. He was also trained in the subjects of Hanafi fiqh , shariat , mathematics, philosophy, world history and science by reputed tutors hired by his family.He was an Indian Muslim scholar and a senior political leader of the Indian independence movement. He was one of the most prominent Muslim leaders to support Hindu-Muslim unity, opposing the partition of India on communal lines. Following India's independence, he became the first Minister of Education in the Indian government. He is commonly remembered as Maulana Azad; he had adopted Azad (Free) as his pen Name. As a young man, Azad composed poetry in Urdu as well as treatises on religion and philosophy. He rose to prominence through his work as a journalist, publishing works critical of the British Raj and espousing the causes of Indian nationalism. Azad became a leader of the Khilafat Movement during which he came into close contact with Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi. Azad became an enthusiastic supporter of Gandhi's ideas of non-violent civil disobedience, and worked actively to organise the Non-cooperation movement in protest of the 1919 Rowlatt Acts. Azad committed himself to Gandhi's ideals, including promoting Swadeshi (Indigenous) products and the cause of Swaraj (Self-rule) for India. He would become the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress in 1923.Azad was one of the main organizers of the Dharasana Satyagraha in 1931, and emerged as one of the most important national leaders of the time, prominently leading the causes of Hindu-Muslim unity as well as espousing secularism and socialism. He served as Congress President from 1940 to 1945, during which the Quit India rebellion was launched and Azad was imprisoned with the entire Congress leadership for three years. Azad became the most prominent Muslim opponent of the demand for a separate Muslim state of Pakistan and served in the interim national government. Amidst communal turmoil following the partition of India, he worked for religious harmony. As India's Education Minister, Azad oversaw the establishment of a national education system with free primary education and modern institutions of higher education. He is also credited with the establishment of the Indian Institutes of Technology and the foundation of the University Grants Commission, an important institution to supervise and advance the higher education in the nation. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad is, by any reckoning, a major figure in twentieth-century Indian History. He truly represents the legacy of the composite Islamic tradition of India Azad was the staunchest opponent of partition of India into India and Pakistan. Partition shattered his dream of an unified nation where the Hindu and Muslim faiths would learn to co-exist in harmony. Maulana Azad served as the Minister of Education in Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru's cabinet from 1947 to 1958 The whole nation had mourned his death with grief as he was so popular and secular leader who believed in all round development of India. He had died at Delhi on the 22nd of December 1958 at the age of seventy years. Abul Kalam Azad is one of the recipients of Bharat Ratna. posthumously in 1992..On his death, the whole nation had plunged into grief as he was such a popular leader of our country.


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Bishwanath Singh: In the said Photograph,Dr.Maulana Abul Kalam Azad is seen in Shimla Conference held in 1946 with Dr.Rajendra Prasad,C.Rajagopalachari,Govind Ballabh Pant & Jinnah.Let us pay our respectful homage to all of them who are no more on this wordly earth!

Sheenam Chhabra I also pay my tribute!!!!
October 3,2010.

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