Sunday, October 3, 2010

Story of Nightingale of India & Mickey Mouse of Bapu-Sarojini Naidu as flashed by me on the f.b. on October 3,2010.

Bishwanath Singh :
I am sure, there must be many who must have forgotten or unaware as who was the Nightingale of India and Mickey Mouse for Mahatma Gandhi. She was none else other than Sarojini Naidu, the first Governor of United Province (now Uttar Pradesh) of Independent India. Let us have glimpse of Her life and pay our respectful ho...mage to Her who had lived for about seventy years and died while in office of Governorship of U.P. at Allahabad in India on the 2nd of March 1949 leaving us to condole Her death and carry out Her legacy successfully!


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Baban Pandey: very informative for young generation ...

({In this Photograph, Sarojini Naidu is seen with Mahatma Gandhi while they were on the Dandy march during March 1930 . Let us pay our respectful homage to both of them who were the most precious gems of our motherland!.)
Bishwanath Singh :
Sarojini Naidu was born in Hyderabad, India to a Hindu family as the eldest daughter of scientist, philosopher, and educator Aghornath Chattopadhyaya, and Barada Sundari Devi, a poetess on the 13th of February 1879. Her father was the founder of the Nizam College, and also the first member of the Indian National in Hyderabad with his friend Mulla Abdul Qayyum. He was later dismissed from his position as Principal and even banished in retaliation for his political activities. Sarojini was a excellent poet too.Naidu's brother, Virendranath Chattopadhyaya, was also a noted Indian activist. During World War I Virendranath was instrumental in finding the Berlin Committee and was one of the leading figures of the Hindu German Conspiracy. He later became committed to Communism, travelling to Soviet Russia where he is believed to have been executed on Stalin's orders in 1937.Another brother Harindranath Chattopadhyaya was a playwright, poet and actor.She passed her Matriculation examination from Madras University at the age of twelve, also being first in the entire Presidency. From 1891 to 1894 she took break from her studies and was involved in extensive reading on various subjects. In 1895, at the age of sixteen, she travelled to England to study first at King's College London and subsequently at Girton College, Cambridge.Sarojini Naidu learnt to speak Urdu, Spanish, Telugu, English, Persian and Bengali. Her favorite poet was P.B. Shelley. also known by the sobriquet The Nightingale of India was a child prodigy, freedom fighter, and poet. Naidu was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the Governor of Uttar Pradesh.She was famously known as Bharatiya Kokila(The Nightingale of India).She was active in the Indian Independence Movement, joining Mahatma Gandhi in the Salt March to Dandi, and then leading the Dharasana Satyagraha after the arrests of Gandhi, Abbas Tyabji, and Kasturba Gandhi. On January 26, 1930 the National Congress proclaimed its independence from the British Empire. On May 5, 1930 Mohandas Gandhi was arrested. Naidu was arrested shortly thereafter and was in jail for several months. She, along with Gandhi, was released on January 31, 1931. Later that year, they were again arrested. Naidu was eventually released due to her poor health and Gandhi was released in 1933. In 1931, she participated in the Round Table Summit, along with Gandhiji and Pundit Malaviyaji. On October 2, 1942, she was arrested during the "Quit India" protest and stayed in jail for 21 months with Gandhiji. Naidu shared a warm relationship with Mohandas Gandhi, even calling him "Mickey Mouse".She had distinction to preside over the Steering Committee of Asian Relations Conference in March 1947. At the age of 17, she met Dr. Muthyala Govindarajulu.Sarojini Naidu fell in love with him. After finishing her studies at the age of 19, she married him during the time when inter-caste marriages were not allowed. They were married by the Act (1872), in Madras in 1898. They had four children: Jayasurya, Padmaja, Randheer, and Leelamani. Her daughter Padmaja later became Governor of Bengal.On August 15, 1947, with the independence of India, Sarojini Naidu became the Governor of the United Provinces (presently Uttar Pradesh), India's first woman Governor and she died in office following a heart attack on March 2, 1949 at Allahabad in U.P. in India at the age of about seventy years. Naidu had sai many yeara ago that when there is oppression, the only self-respecting thing is to rise and say this shall cease today, because our right is justice.Naidu had also added that If one are stronger, he/she should help the weaker boy or girl both in play and in the work. Let us pay our humble homage to Her who is still adored by over several thousands of people spread round the world for Her supreme sacrifice and devotion for well-being of our country!

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Bishwanath Singh : One can see Sarojini Naidu standing left. in this Photograph that was talen in the year 1932. Let us pay our floral tribute to Her!
October 3,2010.

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