Bishwa Nath Singh:
Let us join all to pay our respectful homage & floral tributes to the one of the greatest educationist, journalist and patriotic son of our holy motherland on the eve of Birth Anniversary of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya who will be always remembered for his patriotism, passion, wisdom & love for education! It was he who had founded the... largest Residential University in Asia Benaras Hindu University (BHU) in 1916 and had remained as its Vice-Chancellor from 1919 to1938 that is itself a living monument to him. He had taken active part in the National Freedom Movement during Pre-independence era and was highly respected leader who had presided over All India Congress on many years in Pre-independence era whom Mahatma Gandhi uses to like the most. He was a true replica of simplicity and benevolence besides being an eloquent speaker. He was rightly named as the ‘ Teacher of the Nation” in the same way Mahatma Gandhi was named as the” Father of the Nation”. Such person having towering personality is rarely seen on this worldly earth.
(Photo of Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya)
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Bishwa Nath Singh :
Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya was born on December 25, 1861 at Allahabad in India. in a Brahmin family of Brijnath and Moona Devi. He was the fifth child in a family of five brothers and two sisters at Varanasi His ancestors were poor but ha...d a social status and were known as outstanding scholars of Sanskrit His education began at the age of five when he was sent to Pandit Hardeva's Dharma Gyanopadesh Pathshala where he proved himself as the most brilliant student. He was a very diligent boy who matriculated in 1879 and joined the Muir Central College and finally graduated from the Calcutta University in 1884. He was appointed as a teacher in his old school on Rupees Forty a month and soon became popular among his students. As there were no rules in those days preventing government servants from attending political meetings, he attended the second Congress session held in Calcutta in 1886 and delivered a speech which held the audience spell-bound. A. 0. Hume the General Secretary of the Congress made a very appreciative reference to it in his annual report. Soon after his return from Calcutta he was offered the editorship of the Hindi weekly, the Hindustan. He also edited another weekly, the Indian Union. He was very keen to devote himself entirely to the service of the country. The legal profession did not attract him though he studied law and passed the LL.B. examination in 1891.With few exceptions Malaviya regularly attended the annual Congress sessions from 1886 to 1936. In 1887, he invited the Congress to Allahabad. During the session great enthusiasm prevailed among the delegates and its success was phenomenal. Malaviya was the Secretary of the Committee. He invited the Congress to Allahabad again in 1892, and again its success was largely due to his devoted efforts. In the Congress sessions he spoke generally on the political subject of the country, the poverty of the masses owing to the British economic policy and the monopoly of the higher posts by officers recruited in England. On account of his services to the Congress he was elected its President in 1909,1918,1932 and 1933, but owing to his arrest by the then British Government of India, he could not preside over the 1932 and 1933 sessions which had been banned. Perhaps, he tried to popularize the national cause more than many other leaders.Although he was a strong supporter of the Congress he founded the Hindu Mahasabha in 1906. It was established, according to its supporters, to oppose not the just claims of the Muslim community but the "divide and rule" policy of the British Government. Malviya became a High Court Advocate in 1893. He always gave preference to public work over his legal work. He virtually withdrew from the legal profession in 1909 but he made an exception in 1922 in regard to the appeal of 225 persons condemned to death in connection with the Chauri Chaura riots (Gorakhpur District, U.P.) on account of which Mahatma Gandhi suspended the civil disobedience movement, and saved 153 accused from the gallows.His untiring zeal for public work made him realise the necessity of starting newspapers particularly in Hindi, for the education of the public. He started the Abhyudaya as a Hindi weekly in 1907 and made it a daily in 1915. He also started the Maryada a Hindi monthly in 1910 and another Hindi monthly, in 1921. He started the Leader, an English daily in October 1909. He was the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Hindustan Times from 1924 to 1946.In recognition of his active work that he did as Senior Vice-Chairman of the Allahabad Municipality, he was elected to the Provincial Legislative Council in 1902. The ability and independence which marked his speeches in the Council led to his election in 1909 to the Imperial Legislative Council, of which he soon became one of the most important members. He participated in the debates on important resolutions, e.g. those relating to free and compulsory primary education, the prohibition of recruitment of Indian indentured labour to the British colonies, nationalization of railways, etc. He took a keen interest in the industrial development of the country and was therefore appointed a member of the Indian Industrial Commission in 1916.In view of the non-cooperation movement started by Mahatma Gandhi in 1920, he did not seek election to the Indian Legislative Assembly in 1921. But he was a member of the Assembly from 1924 to April 1930. He resigned shortly after the salt satyagraha started by Mahatma Gandhi and took part in it. He supported the demand for the grant of full Dominion Status to India put forward by Pandit Motilal Nehru. He was invited to the Round Table Conference in 1931, but he inevitably returned dissatisfied with the attitude of the British Government. He was greatly remember for his speech at the Conference and was highly spoken of by his fellow leaders. . He had felt strongly the injustice done to the depressed classes in connection with entry in Kashi Vishwanath Temple and pleaded their cause before the pandits in 1936. He also favored the raising of the position of Hindu women. He was known to be a brilliant speaker and was admired by all. He had founded the largest residential University in Asia popularly known as Benaras Hindu University (BHU) at Varanasi in India in 1916, of which he also remained the Vice - Chancellor from 1919–1938.This university stands a living monument to him. He had occupied a very high position in Indian public life and his public activities were numerous. The freedom struggle, the economic development of the country, promotion of indigenous industries, education, religion, social service, the development of Hindi and other matters of national importance continued to occupy his attention as long as he lived. He was the President of the All India Seva Samity from 1914 till 1946. He was known for his gentleness and humility but he did not yield where principles were concerned. He had the courage to differ more than once from the Mahatma even at the risk of becoming unpopular. He opposed, for example, the boycott of schools and colleges, the burning of foreign cloth and the boycott of the visit of the Prince of Wales in 1921. It will be true to say that he considered responsive co-operation a better policy than civil disobedience. He had helped to strengthen the Indian Culture by educating the youth. He believed that to preserve the Indian culture, the next generation would have to be educated well enough to respect and value their religion. The Benares Hindu University did just that. It educated the students and made them feel proud of their religion and what it had to offer. The Government of India followed his lead and established three other universities of the same type in Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras. His dedication and commitment should serve as the inspiration to others to put their entire heart and soul into what they believe. His dream helped to make India what it is today- a country of great pride and culture. As Gandhiji is given the name " Father of the Nation," so is he the "Teacher of the Nation." Many horrible incidents occurred in which people were killed and injured. Once such incident occurred in a place called Naokhali. A brutal slaughter took place and he was greatly troubled both physically and emotionally. Unable to bear the terrible shock of this event, Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya had passed away on November 12, 1946 at Allahabad at the age of eighty four. His death was greatly mourned by the nation. It was a great loss to humanity as whole.
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DrManoj Kumar Pandey likes this..
DrManoj Kumar Pandey :
आदरणिय विश्वनाथ अंकल आपने तो इतनी कम जगह मे गागर मे सागर भर दिया है । यही तो ...उस महान आत्मा को सच्ची श्रद्धांजली है हमारे तरफ़ से धन्यवाद !
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Anil Kumar Jha :
I too salute this great soul!