Bishwa Nath Singh :
The grateful nation remembers the first President of India Dr. Rajendra Prasad and pays floral tribute and respectful homage to him on his Birth Anniversary that falls today being the 3rd of December as he was born on December 3,1884 at the village Ziradei in the then Saran District of Bihar and had passed away on Fe...bruary 28,1963 at Patna. Let us have a glimpse on his life history in brief and pay our humble obeisance's to his lotus feet and floral tribute to him on his Birth Day!
( Photo of Dr.Rajendra Prasad)
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Bishwa Nath Singh:
Let us have a glimpse on the life history of Dr. Rajendra Prasad ,the first President of India! He was born in the village Ziradei, then the Saran district of Bihar on December 3,1884 and had passed away on February 28,1963 at Patna was... the youngest son of Mahadev Sahay . He was married at the age of twelve to Rajvanshi Devi. His father, Mahadev Sahay was a Persian and Sanskrit language scholar. His mother, Kamleshwari Devi, was a devout lady. At the age of five, the young Rajendra Prasad was sent to a Maulavi for learning Persian. After that he was sent to Chapra Zilla School for further primary studies. He then went on to study at R.K. Ghosh's Academy in Patna to be with his older brother Mahendra Prasad. But soon he rejoined the Chapra Zilla School and it was from there that he passed the entrance examination of Calcutta University, at the age of eighteen He then joined the Presidency College, Kolkata. He lived with his brother in the Eden Hindu Hostel. He had been initiated into the cult of Swadeshi by his brother. He then joined the Dawn Society run by Satish Chandra Mukherjee, and Sister Nivedita. In 1911, he joined the A.I.C.C. However, his family estate was in bad condition. He was looked upon as the saviour. In 1916, Rajendra Prasad he joined the High Court of Bihar, and Orissa. After meeting Gandhiji, he quit as a Senator of the University, much to the regret of the British Vice-Chancellor. He wrote articles for Searchlight and the Desh and collected funds for these papers. He toured a lot, explaining, lecturing, exhorting. When the earthquake of Bihar occurred on 15th January, 1934, Rajendra Prasad was in jail. He was released two days later. He set himself for the task of raising funds. Nationalist India expressed its admiration by electing him to the President of the Bombay session of the Indian National Congress. After India became independent he was made the President of India. As President, he used his moderating influence so silently and unobtrusively that he neither reigned nor ruled. His sister Bhagwati Devi had passed away in the night of 25 January, 1960. She doted on her dearly-loved younger brother. It must have taken Rajendra Prasad all his will power to have taken the Republic Day salute as usual, on the following day. It was only on return from the parade that he set about the task of cremation. In 1962, after twelve years as President, he announced his decision to retire. Dr. Prasad was considered to be one of the architects of the Indian Republic having drafted its first constitution and serving as the first president of India from January 26,1950 to May 13,1962.During the independence movement, he had left his practice as a successful lawyer and joined the Congress Party, playing a prominent & most significant role in the Indian Independence Movement. He had served as the president of the Constituent Assembly that drafted the first constitution of the Republic, which lasted from 1948 to 1950. He also briefly served as a cabinet minister in the first Government He was a vegetarian and ardent supporter of Khadi movement. When Rajendra Prasad was five years old, his parents put him under a Mawlawi to learn the Persian language, followed by Hindi and arithmetic. After the completion of traditional elementary education, He was sent to the Chhapra District School. At the age of 12, Rajendra Prasad was married to Rajavanshi Devi. He, along with his elder brother Mahendra Prasad, then went on to study at R.K. Ghosh’s Academy in Patna.Since childhood, he was a brilliant student. He placed first in the entrance examination to the University of Calcutta and was awarded Rs.30 per month as a scholarship. In 1902, Rajendra Prasad joined the Presidency College. He was initially a student of science and his teachers included J.C.Bose and Prafulla Chandra Roy. Later he decided to switch his focus to the arts. Prasad lived with his brother in the Eden Hindu Hostel. A plaque still commemorates his stay in that room. Dr. Rajendra Prasad was instrumental in the formation of the Bihari Students’ Conference in 1908. It was the first organization of its kind in the whole of India, and would later produce many of the important figures of Bihar. In 1915, He graduated with a Masters in Law, passing his examination with honors. He then went on to complete his Doctorate in Law. He served in various educational institutions as a teacher. After completing his M.A. in economics, Dr. Prasad joined as a professor at the Bhumihar Brahman College in Muzaffarpur, on July 1908 and later went on to become the Principal. However later on he left the college for his legal studies. In Kolkata too he worked as Professor of Economics. He used to practice his Law & studies at Bhagalpur in Bihar and eventually emerged as a popular and eminent figure of the region. In 1916, he had joined the High Court of Bihar and Orissa. Such was his intellect and his integrity, that often when his adversary failed to cite a precedent, the judges would ask Dr. Prasad to provide a precedent. In 1962, after twelve years as President, he announced his decision to retire. He was subsequently awarded the Bharat Ratna, the nation's highest civilian award. Let us pay our floral tribute to him and pay our humble obeisance’s to his lotus feet!