Thursday, December 9, 2010

A repectful homage to the great Sanskrit Poet & dramatist Kalidas paid by me as flashed on the f.b. on December 9,2010.

Bishwa Nath Singh:

How many of us remember that one of the greatest Sanskrit poets and dramatist that our country has ever had, was none else than Kalidas whose life history is absolutely fascinating and interesting! The status that was bestowed on to the famous English Poet Shakespeare is considered similar to that of Kalidas in Sanskrit literature.

(Picture of  Kalidas)

Share: You, Sadhana Singh, Nikhil Singh and 2 others like this.

Bishwa Nath Singh :
One of the greatest Sanskrit poets and dramatist that India has ever had, the life history of Kalidas is absolutely fascinating and interesting. The status that was bestowed on to the famous English Poet Shakespeare is considered similar to... that held by Kalidas in Sanskrit literature. His plays and poetry are primarily based on Hindu Puranas and philosophy He was born during fourth or fifth century during Gupta Empire possibly close to Himalayas or Ujjain in India.Though the exact time of his fame is not known, it is estimated that he survived around the middle of the 4th or 5th century A.D. This is roughly the period of the reign of the famous Chandragupta, the successor of Kumaragupta. He was a widely traveled person and the kind of life he had led in his early age was that of a traveler wandering from one place to another.. The poems he wrote were usually in classical Sanskrit. His creations were used for fine arts like music and dance. Regarded as an outstanding writer, Kalidasa resided at the palace of Chandragupta in Pataliputra (modern day Patna). He was one of the gems of the court of Chandragupta. According to legends, Kalidasa was blessed with good looks. This attracted a princess with whom he fell in love. Since Kalidas was not too good in intellect and wit, the princess rejected him. He then worshipped Goddess Kali and she blessed him with intellect and that lead him to be one of the "nine gems" in the court of Chandragupta. Perhaps the most famous and beautiful work of Kalidasa is the Shakuntalam. It is the second play of Kalidasa after he wrote Malavikagnimitra. The Shakuntalam tells the story of king Dushyant who falls in love with a beautiful girl Shakuntala, who happens to be the daughter of a saint. They get married and lead a happy life until one day, the king is asked to travel somewhere. In his absence, a sage curses Shakuntala as she offends him unknowingly by not acknowledging his presence. Due to the curse, Dushyant's entire memory is wiped off and he doesn't remember his marriage or Shakuntala. But the sage feels pity for her and gives a solution that he will remember everything if he sees the ring given to her by Dushyant. But she loses the ring one day in the river while bathing. After a series of incidents, a fisherman who finds the ring inside a fish rushes to the king with the ring. The king then recalls everything and rushes to Shakuntala to apologize for his actions. She forgave him and they lived happily ever after. Kalidasa also wrote two epic poems called Kumaarasambhava, which means birth of Kumara and the Raghuvamsha, which means dynasty of Raghu. The Raghuvamsha treats of the family to which the great hero Rama belonged, commencing with its earliest antecedents and encapsulating the principal events told in the Raamaayan of Vaalmikii. But like the Kumaarasambhava, the last nine cantos of which are clearly the addition of another poet, the Raghuvamsha ends rather abruptly, suggesting either that it was left unfinished by the poet or that its final portion was lost early. There are also two lyric poems written by Kalidasa known as Meghadutta that stands for cloud messenger and the Ritusamhara that means description of the seasons. . It is of tangential interest, however, that the Ritusamhaara, published in Bengal in 1792, was the first book to be printed in Sanskrit. Meghadutta is one of the finest works of Kalidasa in terms of world literature. The beauty of the continuity in flawless Sanskrit is unmatched till date. A short poem of one hundred eleven stanzas, it is founded at once upon the barest and yet most original of plots. For some unexplained dereliction of duty, a Yaksha, or attendant of Kubera, god of wealth, has been sent by his lord into yearlong exile in the mountains of central India, far away from his beloved wife on Mountain of Kailash in the Himaalaya. At the opening of the poem, particularly distraught and hapless at the onset of the rains when the sky is dark and gloomy with clouds, the yaksa opens his heart to a cloud hugging close the mountain top. He requests it mere aggregation of smoke, lightning, water, and wind that it is, to convey a message of consolation to his beloved while on its northward course. The Yaksha then describes the many captivating sights that are in store for the cloud on its way to the fabulous city of Alakaa, where his wife languishes amid her memories of him. He had passed away in the fourth or fifth centuryof Gupta Empire, possibly in Ujjain in India or Ceylone. .He is very rightly remembered as the greatest Sanskrit Poet and Dramatist of repute of our country whom none can replace. Let us pay our humble obeisances to his lotus feet and pay our floral tribute & respectful homage to that great scholar of our ancient era who has been a legendary figure of our nation!

Jagdish Morjaria :Thank You Sir.#Pranams.#kind regds+Love.Jagdish


December 9,2010

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.