Sunday, December 5, 2010

A respectful homage & floral tribute to Satyendra Narain Sinha,formerly Chief Minister of Bihar as flashed on the f.b. on December 5,2010.

Bishwa Nath Singh :
There are few political personalities who are very likeable in nature and firm in his action admired by billions of people. Such person is rarely seen on this worldly earth. Let us remember such great personality and pay our floral tribute to him who was none else than Satyendra Narayan Sinha ,formerly Chief Minister... of Bihar in India who was affectionately called “Chhote Saheb”! Let us have glimpse on his life-history in brief that is appended below!

(Photo of Satyendra Narain Sinha,formerly Chief Minister of Bihar)

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Bishwa Nath Singh :
Satyendra Narayan Sinha will be remembered as a great politician with full of passion & wisdom, a well-reputed statesman as an activist of our country’s fore ranking Independent Movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi and nurtured by his Patriotic father Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha. Besides being a former Chief Minister of Bihar. He was very affectionately called Chhote Saheb in our country. He had honor to be Member of Parliament for seven times from Aurangabad constituency of Bihar State in India besides being Member of the Bihar Legislative Assembly for three terms ,and a Member of the Bihar Legislative Council once. Chhote Saheb was born in an affluent political family on July 12,1917 in Poiwan the then Gaya district of Bihar. His father who was himself an eminent leader Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha had worked with Dr.Rajendra Prasad in the Gandhian Satyagraha movement in Bihar [ and had also served as the first Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister of Bihar State of our country. Chhote Saheb was brought up in a very social & political environment. He had completed his Bachelor's degree from Allahabad University and got his degree in law from Lucknow University. He practiced law at the Patna High Court, but left his practice to join our nation’s Independent Movement.. He had organized Legal Aid Programmes for political prisoners during pre-Independence days very successfully that had brought good name to him. He was a prominent educationist, and had served Bihar State as the Education Minister from 1963 to 1967 in the government headed by Chief Minister Pandit Binodanand Jha followed by two consecutive terms in the Cabinet of Krishna. Ballabh. Sahay He also a held a range of portfolios including Local Self Government and Agriculture and very successfully manned those departments. He is credited with streamlining the entire education system of the Bihar state. As the state education minister, he played an instrumental role in the establishment of Magadh University in Bodh Gaya, in the year 1962.He played very important role during the period 1961-67 under the Governments headed by K. B. Sahay and Pandit Binodanand Jha as the most powerful Minister. He hard also played a key role in the installations of Governments headed by Chief Ministers Krishana Ballabh Sahay, Satish Prasad Singh, B.P. Mandal, Sardar Harihar Singh,Bhola Paswan Shastri and Ram Sundar Das.When Indira Gandhi became Prime Minister of India in 1966,she wanted him to become the next Chief Minister of Bihar but he had prefered to continue to be the Cabinet Minister in K.B.Sahay Govt.The former Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi had declared the State of Emergency on June 25,1975 due to internal political upheavals. During State of Emergency promulgated in the entire country all fundamental rights enjoyed by people as defined in our Indian Constitution were suspended. The political dissidents, newspaper reporters, opposition leaders who opposed emergency were imprisoned & house-arrested..He along with other prominent leaders, opposed this blatant misuse of state machinery. In 1977, during the emergency in India, he was made president of Bihar Janata Party and Chairman of State Election of the Party. He worked together with premier colleagues of Janata Party like Morarji Desai, Chandra Shekhar Singh, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Lal Krishna Advani, Charan Singh, Jagjivan Ram, Bhairon Singh Shekhawat, Madhu Limaye, H. D. Deve Gowda, Inder Kumar Gujral, T.N.Singh.Raj Narain, George Fernandes , Karpuri Thakur & other leaders and the movement was a grand success in Bihar State. His political encouragement to the youths led to the emergence of then youth leaders of Janata Party like Raghuvansh Prasad Singh, Laloo Yadav ,Nitish Kumar, , Ram Vilas Paswan, Subodh Kant Sahay, Ram Jatan Sinha , Narendra Singh & others. Soon after the emergency was lifted on March 21, 1977, fresh general elections were held in India. The Congress Party, led b Mrs. Indira Gandhi suffered a defeat at the hands of the Janata Party coalition of several small parties created in 1977 and the alliance came to power, headed by Morarji Desai, who had honor to became the first non-Congress Prime Minister of India. In Bihar, the Janata Party won all the fifty-four Lok Sabha seats in 1977 general elections under the mentorship of Jayaprakash Narayan and rose to power in Bihar assembly too. He quit the party following differences with former Prime Minister Chandrashekhar and returned to the Congress fold in 1984.The then Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi came down to Patna to formally admit him back to the Congress party. As the Chief Minister of Bihar, he also held the portfolio of Education for the fourth term in his later years 1989-1990.In the same year, he conceived, the proposal to set up a NTPC's super thermal power project at Nabinagar in Aurangabad district of Bihar to then Prime Minister of India and Congress leader Rajiv Gandhi;but the project went into limbo as the following state governments failed to follow it .In 2007, Manmohan Singh's[ Government finally had approved this gigantic Project. He is also credited for establishment of the Indira Gandhi Planetarium cum Science Centre in Patna. Under his regime, Panchayati Raj System of Governance was introduced in the State of Bihar. He had distinguished himself to be the Member of the Provisional Parliament, First, Second and Fifth to Eighth Lok Sabhas from Aurangabad Constituency of Bihar State.He had served as the Chairman of Committee on Estimates from 1977 to 1979. He was also a Member of the Committee on Finance from 1950 to 1952; Committee on Estimates from 1956 to 1958 and thereafter during 1985-86 and the Committee on Public Undertakings during 1982-83.He was a well-known social activist, and served as the Assistant Secretary to the Bihar Provincial Committee of the Kasturba Gandhi National Memorial Fund and Secretary to the Bihar Provincial Committee of the Gandhi National Memorial Fund.He was also associated with a number of educational and social institutions in different capacities. He was member, Senate and Syndicate of Patna University from 1946 to 1960 and Bihar University from 1958 to 1960. He had honor to attend and participate in Inter-Parliamentary Union Conference, Helsinki, Finland in 1955. He was the leader of the cultural delegation to Kabul on the occasion of Jasan in 1963. He also led the Indian Parliamentary Delegation to the Spring Meetings of Inter-Parliamentary Council, Canberra in 1977 and also to its meeting at Lisbon in 1978.He was a member of the Indian Parliamentary Delegation to erstwhile USSR in 1976 and was elected a member of the Special Committee on Violations of Human Rights of Parliamentarians at Canberra in 1977 representing Asia. He had also honor to be elected as the President of that committee that conferred upon the status of a Union Cabinet Minister on him and served as its head from 1977 to 1988. He passed away on September 4, 2006 leaving behind all of us to mourn to condole his death. He was man of very pleasing nature and of a very good temperament. He had a unique personality that use to attract every one who came in contact with him. Such personality is rarely seen who attract every body .Let us pay our respectful homage and floral tribute to him and pay our humble obeisance’s to his lotus feet!

December 5,2010.

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