Bishwa Nath Singh:
Lest we forget Bihar Keshari under whose dynamic leadership,the State Of Bihar had credit to top in whole of the country in implimentation of the first five year plan and in abolishion of landlord system !He was none else than Dr.Sri Krishna Sinha,the first Chief Minister of Bihar .Along with eminent nationalists Dr Rajendra Prasad & Dr.Anugrah Narayan Sinha, he is regarded among the Architects of Modern Bihar.Barring the war years (Second World War 1939-1945), he was the Chief Minister of Bihar from the time of the first Congress Ministry on July 20, 1937 until his death on January 31,1961Let us pay our floral tribute to that great man having towering personality and share with his life-history in brief that is appended below!
( Photo of Bihar Keshari Dr.Sri Krishna Sinha,the forst Chief Minister of Bihar of India)
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Bishwa Nath Singh :
Dr.Sri Krishna Singh (Sri Babu) known as Bihar Kesari, was the first Chief Minister of the Indian state of Bihar (1946–1961). Along with eminent nationalists Dr Rajendra Prasad & Dr.Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Sri Babu is regarded among the Arch...itects of Modern Bihar. Barring the war years (Second World War 1939-1945), Shri Babu was chief minister of Bihar from the time of the first Congress Ministry in 1937 until his death in 1961. It was he who had himself led Dalit’s entry into the revered Baidyanath Dham temple(Vaidyanath Temple, Deoghar), reflecting his commitment to the upliftment and social empowerment of dalits. He was the first Chief Minister in the country to abolish zamindari system in Bihar. He underwent different terms of imprisonment for a total of about eight years in British India.He was born in his maternal grandfather's home in Khanwa on October 21,1887 situated along the banks of the holy river Ganges in the state of Bihar His Paternal village is 'Maur' in Monghyr district, now in Sheikhpura District of Bihar. His father was a religious-minded, middle-classed person belonging to Hindu family. His mother was also a very simple and religious-minded lady who had died of plague when Sri Babu was just five years old. He got his early education in his village school, and later in Zila School, Monghyr, and then joined Patna College, Patna University in 1906. He did Law and started practicing in Munger from 1915. In the meantime, he married and had two sons. He had occasion to first met Mahatma Gandhi in 1916 at Central Hindu College, Benares and later in December, 1920. He had started practicing law in 1915, but gave it up in 1921 to take active part in Mahatma Gandhi's Non-cooperation movement on his call.He was arrested for the first time in 1922 and Congress Seva Dal was declared illegal. With this spirited action he was declared Bihar Kesari by the people. He was released from jail in 1923 and on the day of Tulsi Jayanti performed in the play Bharat Darshan at Central School, Kharagpur. In the same year he became member of All India Congress Committee.In 1927, he became member of Legislative Council and in 1929 became General Secretary of Bihar Pradesh Congress Committee. In 1929 he became the General Secretary of Bihar Pradesh Kisan Sabha started by Swami Sahajanand Saraswati. In 1930, he had played an important role in 'Namak Satyagrah' at Garhpura. During arrest he suffered severe scalding injuries to his hands and chest. He was arrested for six months and again during Civil Disobedience movement he was arrested for two years under severe conditions. He was released after Gandhi–Irwin Pact and again started with his nationalist work and work with the Kisan Sabha. On January 9, 1932 he was again arrested in Monghyr for two years of rigorous imprisonment and a fine of Rs.one thousand.He was released from Hazaribagh Jail in October, 1933. He was involved in relief and rehabilitation work immediately after the 1934 Bihar earthquake. He was the President of Munger Zila Parishad from 1934-37. In 1935, he became member of Central Assembly. On July 20, 1937, he became the Premier (Prime Minister) Of Bihar province when Congress Party came to power. Under the Government of India Act of 1935, Sri Babu as he was affectionately called formed his Cabinet at the capital of Bihar State at Patna on July 20. 1937. He and Dr.Anugrah Narain Sinha (who was the then first Deputy Premier of the State) disagreed with the Governor on the issue of the release of political prisoners and resigned. The then Governor had to accede to the demands for release of prisoners from Kalapani ( Cellular Jail) and Bihar Tenancy Act was reformed in favor of Bihar Peasants. He then resumed office. But he again resigned in 1939, as all Congress CMs had done over the question of involving in the Second World War without the consent of the Indian people. Along with his close colleague in Mahatma Gandhi's non co-operation movement Bihar Vibhuti Dr.Anugrah Narayan Sinha,a prominent Gandhian and the first Deputy Chief Minister cum Finance Minister of Bihar State of India ,he is considered one of the main architect of modern Bihar.On the eve of the 53rd National Convention of Indian National Congress that was held at Ramgarh in Bihar during 1940 after drawing inspiration from Mahatma Gandhi ,he became the first Individual Satyagrahi from Bihar. He was jailed from November 22, 1940 to 26th August 26, 1941 for nearly nine months. When Quit India movement started in 1942, he was arrested on August 10,1942 He was released in 1944 from Hazaribagh Central Jail after he was seriously ill. In the same year he lost his wife at Patna.As the former Prime Minister of Bihar he attended the Simla Conference and also became the member of Constituent Assembly of India which framed the Constitution of India.He was an eloquent speaker and voracious reader He was truly a great man having towering personality who was against untouchability. Mahatma Gandhi in 1940 after having been impressed by his courage awarded him the distinction of being called the first Satyagrahi of Bihar. He served Bihar continuously from 1946 till his death on January 31,1961.. In his honor in 1978, the Ministry of Culture started a science museum called Srikrishna Science Centre. The biggest conference hall in Patna, Shri Krishna Memorial Hall is also named after him. The first five-year plan period was given under his dynamic leadership to the development in rural development works mainly in the agricultural sector. In fact, Bihar became the top state in the country's first five-year plan as it was announced by the then Finance Minister of Bihar Dr A N Sinha in the Bihar Assembly. Since the second five year plan period, his dynamic leadership had brought several heavy industries like Barauni Oil Refinery, HEC plant at Hatia, Bokaro Steel Plant, Barauni Fertiliser Plant, Barauni Thermal Power Plant, Maithon Hydel Power Station, Sulphur mines at Amjhaur, Sindri Fertiliser Plant, Kargali Coal Washery, Barauni Dairy Project, etc. for the all round development of Bihar State.He had passed away on January 31,1961 at the age of seventy three .In his death, Bihar had lost its most illustrious son. Let us pay our respectful homage to him!
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